Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR)

5th CONFERENCE South Asian CBR Network 5-7 Oct 2009 Kabul, Afghanistan

Posted on 30 May 2009. Filed under: Announcements, Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR), Events and Conferences, Opportunities, Rehabilitation, South Asian Region | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

5th conference South Asian Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR) Network

Dear All

Greetings. The South Asian CBR Network cordially invite you to actively participate in its 5th conference. It is organized from 5th-to 7th October 2009, Kabul, Afghanistan.

CBR NETWORK conference in the past has been an active forum to discuss the global trends and local applications of policies, legislation, programme, technology and other issues focusing on grassroots level issues.

Think globally -Act Locally has been main guiding principle for us.In the light of UN convention for persons with Disabilities the relevance of CBR as a strategy and as a principle for developing inclusive society is noted by both civil societies and the governments.

The challenges are multifold. Please join in the conference. Together with networking, sharing and working together we can make an impact .

Kindly see the website (www.cbrnetwork.af) for online registrations.

If you have questions please do write to us.

Email: secretariat@cbrnetwork.af

Or

cbrnet@airtelmail.in



We Can Do received this announcement via the <a href="http://groups.yahoo.com/group/AsiaPacificDisability/Asia Pacific Disability email-based discussion group. All inquiries should please be directed to the conference organizers at the email addresses given above, NOT to We Can Do. Thank you.

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Training Opportunity: Disability and Development Module, November 23 to December 19, 2009, VU University, Netherlands

Posted on 23 April 2009. Filed under: Announcements, Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR), Education and Training Opportunities, HIV/AIDS, Human Rights, Opportunities, Poverty, Rehabilitation, Women | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

Disability and Development Module at the VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

The Athena Institute, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, VU University (Amsterdam), together with Enablement (Alphen aan den Rijn) and the Royal Tropical Institute (KIT, Amsterdam) are pleased to announce a 4-week module on Disability and Development to be held from November 23th to December 19th 2009 at the VU University. This course, a 4-week elective module, which is part of an academic Master degree programme, is open to external participants also. Students will learn in a highly participatory environment built around a problem-based learning approach. Lecturers have extensive international experience in disability and related fields. An overview of the course content can be found on the VU website: http://studiegids.vu.nl/ (type ‘disability’ as search term). The course was offered for the first time in 2008 and was very positively evaluated by the first batch of students.

The following topics will be covered in Module I:
Disability models and stereotypes, culture and disability, ICF conceptual framework, experience of having a disability, frequencies and distribution of disability, determinants of disability, including stigma and discrimination, poverty, gender and HIV/AIDS, rights of persons with disabilities, the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, measurement of disability, disability-relevant research methods, survey methods, examples of disability research and an introduction to community-based rehabilitation.

In 2010, a second elective module will be offered on the subject of Disability & Development. This module will have the same duration as Module I

Module II will cover the following additional topics:
Project planning and management, monitoring and evaluation of community-based rehabilitation (CBR) programmes, management information systems, CBR as a preferred strategy for rehabilitation, organisational and institutional development, Disabled People’s Organisations, educational and economic empowerment of disabled people, the role of specific rehabilitation services, and sports and disability.

Interested candidates should apply well in advance and contact Huib Cornielje as soon as possible.

TARGET GROUP: rehabilitation professionals and professionals with an interest in disability and development.

REQUIREMENTS: good comprehension of the English language; bachelor degree or equivalent (in terms of experience and thinking capacity)

COURSE FEES: Euro 1,000 (excluding board & lodging); students who wish to gain official study credits (ETCS) will have to register as external students at the VU University. This will cost an additional €1,200 for 4 weeks, approximately.

DATES: November 23 to December 18, 2009

FURTHER INFORMATION CAN BE OBTAINED FROM:

Huib Cornielje
Langenhorst 36
2402PX Alphen aan den Rijn
The Netherlands
Tel: 0031-172-436953
Fax: 0031-172-244976
E-mail: h.cornielje@enablement.nl



Thank you to Huib Cornielje for submitting this announcement for publication at We Can Do. All inquiries about this training opportunity should please be directed to Huib Cornielje at h.cornielje@enablement.nl, NOT to We Can Do. Thanks.

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JOB POST: Project Manager: Making HIV-AIDS Strategies Inclusive, Tanzania

Posted on 6 February 2009. Filed under: Announcements, Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR), Health, HIV/AIDS, Human Rights, Inclusion, Jobs & Internships, Opportunities, Sub-Saharan Africa Region | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

CCBRT is Seeking to Employ a Project Manager for a PEPFAR funded Project

“Making HIV/Aids Strategies Inclusive for People with Disabilities”

Application Deadline February 21, 2009

*Introduction*
Comprehensive Community Based Rehabilitation Tanzania (CCBRT) is a locally registered Non Governmental Organization (NGO) first established in 1994. It is the largest indigenous provider of disability rehabilitation services in the country. CCBRT aim is to improve the quality of life of people living with disabilities as well as their families and to enable them to claim and use their legitimate human rights.

*Objective*
The PEPFAR project is aimed to considerably increase access for people with disabilities and their care givers to appropriate HIV/AIDS prevention, care, treatment and support services in Tanzania. The project is funded by PEPFAR for the duration of 3 years beginning 2009. CCBRT will coordinate the project in collaboration with the Government of Tanzania, civil society and other stakeholders.

* *

*The Project Manager will have the following responsibilities*

· Setting up, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the project.

· Recruitment of part time HIV/AIDS and Disability Coordinators in consultation with the Community Program Director.

· Setting up of the National Platform in consultation with governmental, non-governmental and international stakeholders.

· Selection of target districts and partners in consultation with TACAIDS and NACP.

· Coordination and monitoring of the development of minimum guidelines (VCT, care and treatment), development and distribution of various Information Education and Communication (IEC) materials, and respective training manuals.

· Initiation, coordination and evaluation of trainings in collaboration with technical experts and target organizations.

· Further development of IEC, training materials and programs after lessons learnt in collaboration with technical experts.

· Establishment of follow up mechanisms to support trained experts.

· Establishment of collaborations and referral mechanisms between district authorities, disability and HIV/AIDS organizations.

· Provision and coordination of technical / advisory support to partners.

· Assessment and approval of small project proposals for infrastructure adjustments and campaigns in collaboration with CBM US and a representative of the National Platform.

· Development of public awareness programs on disability, equal right and HIV/AIDS.

· Generation of lessons learnt and continuous integration during the project implementation.

· Development of a reader on making HIV/Aids strategies inclusive in collaboration with technical experts.

· Development of annual work plans and setting of annual targets.

· Compilation of narrative / financial reports in collaboration with the CCBRT Finance Manager.

· Coordination and support of the work of the CCBRT Health, HIV/AIDS and Disability Coordinator and three HIV/AIDS and Disability Coordinators.

*Experience*
The project manager should have

· a minimum of 5 years working experience in HIV/AIDS

· In depth knowledge about HIV/AIDS strategy framework in Tanzania including HSHSP, NGPRS, NMSF as well as HIV/AIDS related working structures and relevant stakeholders in Tanzania.

· Experience in guideline and training programme development

· Proven working experience with vulnerable groups, preferably persons with disabilities

· Good analytic, report writing and presentation skills

· Experience in coordinating and managing larger teams

· Strong written and oral communication ability, both Kiswahili and English

CCBRT will offer an attractive salary package.

The Project manager is expected to start working latest 16th March 2009.

*How to apply*
If you believe you are the ideal candidate with the necessary background, please submit a letter of application, curriculum vitae detailing your experience, supportive documents as well as contact details of three referees to info@ccbrt.or.tz or by post to

CCBRT Executive Director/ P.O Box 23310, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Tel: +255 (0) 22 260 1543 / +255 (0) 22 260 2192 Fax: +255 (0) 22 2601544

Email: info@ccbrt.or.tz Website: http://www.ccbrt.or.tz

*People with disability are highly encouraged to apply.*

*Closing date for applications: 21st Feb* (only short listed candidates will be contacted)



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JOB POST: CBR Officer, Dadaab Refugee Camp, Garissa, Kenya

Posted on 19 December 2008. Filed under: Announcements, Assistive Devices, Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR), Disaster Planning & Mitigation, Health, HIV/AIDS, Jobs & Internships, Opportunities, Rehabilitation, Sub-Saharan Africa Region, Violence, Water and Sanitation | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

*_VACANCY ANNOUNCEMENT_*

*_Position_** : CBR Officer ( Prosthesis & Orthotic) _Responsible to _: CBR Coordinator*

*_Location_** : Dadaab Refugee Camp (Garissa) _Family Status_ : Non Family duty Station*

*_Closing Date_** : Open *

*_THE ORGANIZATION_*

HI began its operations in 1992 as an emergency support programme in Garissa (North Eastern Province). Currently, HI is operating a medical referral project for refugees in this region in partnership with the UNHCR. HIV and AIDS activities are also being provided for the local community.

In 1994, HI launched another emergency support programme for internal displaced persons (IDPs) following inter-ethnic clashes, in Trans Nzoia District (Kitale town). Today, we are running in Kitale the most comprehensive HI Programme on HIV and AIDS in Kenya.

In 2002, in Nairobi we began disability activities with local partners (community-based organisations) focusing on support to networking, inclusive education and access to resources.

In April 2005, we have started a Mine Risk Education (MRE) project for the refugees living in the Kakuma Refugee Camp (near the Sudan border).

*_Rehabilitation project in Dadaab refugee camp:_*

Dadaab Refugee Camps, located in Garissa district, are the main settlement for Somali refugees, with a total population of 170,000 refugees, with a recent new influx^^[1] ^ due to the latest political events and severe drought in the southern parts of Somalia. To date some basic services have been developed to meet the refugees with disability needs. UNHCR, CARE International and other implementing partners working in Dadaab refugee camps raised a concern about the critical situation of the refugees with disability and scarce services provided to them. Therefore, UNHCR solicited Handicap International to support and contribute to develop initiatives towards disabled refugees in Dadaab camps.

An assessment carried out by HI from in February 2007 defined HI intervention with focus in two main areas:

(i) */To develop access to adequate rehabilitation services for persons with disability/*, with particular attention to be paid to technical aids and prosthetic production and rehabilitation and counselling services for children with intellectual disability and/or cerebral palsy; and

(ii) */To facilitate access to humanitarian aid and community development for persons with disability/*, through information sharing, counselling and sensitization of staff and agencies in charge of food distribution, sheltering, health, watsan and construction works, education, community development services and livelihood, etc.

The Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR) Project Team will consist of 1 x Project Manager, 1 x CBR Coordinator , 1 x Mainstreaming Officer, 3 x CBR Officers (with technical expertise in differing but complimentary areas), 6 x rehabilitation workers, 6 x technical aids workers (leather work/shoe making and carpentry), and 30 x CBR workers.

* *

*THE POSITION*

Under the responsibility of CBR Coordinator, the CBR Officer (Prosthesis & Orthotic) will offer technical support to the CBR team in ensuring quality production and fitting of prosthetics, esthetics, & other orthopedic devices to persons with disability among refugees and host communities. She/he will also build capacity of the local technicians and rehabilitation staff and take lead in the referrals and follow ups of patients.

*S\he will be responsible for :-*

*1) Supervision and management of mobility aids workshops*

· Supervise operations in all mobility aids workshops present in all the three camps including Dadaab workshop.

· Closely monitor and arrange procurement of equipment and materials as required for workshop – production.

· Provide advice on installation of equipment in the workshops including workshop planning and utilization of workshop consumables

· Ensure P&O workshops’ set up are all up to standards and accepted specifications

· Ensure mobility aids workshops are barrier-free for the easy access to persons with disabilities.

· Ensure all safety measures are observed within the workshops to reduce hazards in the operation of various machinery and equipment.

· Develop proper workshop management systems to ensure effective and efficient P&O workshop management.

· Carry out regular monitoring of workshop activities, technicians’ performance and manufacture of devices.

*2) Capacity Building*

· Identify and provide on-the-job training to local technicians in Prosthetics and Orthotics.

· Develop training curriculum for on-the-job training of local technicians.

· Conduct regular evaluation of the on-job training.

· Provide basic orientation to community CBR workers on the maintenance and repair of devices in the field.

· Train P&O Assistants in Workshop Management and information systems.

*3) Supervision of P&O Assistants*

· Develop job descriptions for the P&O Assistants/Technicians.

· Together with the team, develop weekly work plan for the P&O Assistants/Technicians.

· Carry out induction and appraisal for the P&O Assistants/Technicians.

· Monitor P&O Assistants/Technicians performance and production.

* *

*4) Referrals and Physical rehabilitation*

· Ensure persons with disabilities receive good quality and appropriate prosthetic and orthotic devices and services from the workshops as well as in the field and from Garissa/Kangemi.

· Develop a good and effective patient’s follow up mechanism for patients who are fitted with P&O devices from Garissa general hospital and Kangemi.

· Maintain individual file for each person with disability receiving P&O devices and carry out regular follow up as per the requirement of the particular person.

· Maintain all records pertaining to service delivery.

· Ensure required gait training is provided to the clients after prosthetic and orthotic fitments.

· Ensure that the clients receive rehabilitation therapy as required, e.g. release of contracture and healing of stump edema before fitting devices.

*5) Coordination and networking *

· Maintain necessary coordination with Rehabilitation Therapists.

· Work closely with the Physiotherapist and Occupational therapist for patient treatment, follow-up and evaluation.

· Liaise with Technical Advisors for various technical matters and training programs as necessary.

· Represent the organization at forums, workshops and conferences in the areas of Prosthetics and Orthotics as may be required.

*6) Reporting*

· Produce updated reports at regular intervals as required by the project in terms of donor and organizational requirements.

*7) Others*

· Advice Management on various costs related to P&O materials, equipment, maintenance, training and service delivery.

· Capitalize on new areas of learning in P&O or any specific case histories for internal learning and for external dissemination when required.

*/ /*

*Qualifications and experience required:-*

· Diploma in Orthopaedics with 2 years of experience

· Knowledge of CBR implementation and management

· Ability to work in and lead a team

· Good report writing, presentation, communication and interpersonal skills

· Demonstrated ability to transfer knowledge through informal and formal trainings

· Computer literate with Knowledge of Word, Excel and Internet

· Experience with an International NGO is an added advantage

*Conditions*

Living conditions in Dadaab camp may be challenging (remote area, climate very hot), although facilities are offering minimum of comfort.

R&R leave of 7 days will be provided every 8 weeks of continuous accommodation within Dadaab.

If you feel you are the right candidate for this position, kindly send your application along with an up-to-date CV(including 3 referees) by email to the Human Resources Officer : hrofficer@handicap-international.or.ke

*NB: Applications will be processed as they are received and interviews conducted until the appropriate candidate is selected.*

*The email subject line should be marked: “Application for CBR Officer – Dadaab position”*

* *

*Please do not send your academic certificates and other testimonials they will be requested at a later stage.*

Only short listed candidates will be contacted.

*Handicap International is an Equal Opportunity Employer – Females and Persons with Disability are encouraged to apply ***



This job post was recently distributed on the Intl-Dev mailing list. As with all job posts and other opportunities announced at We Can Do, any applications or inquiries should please be directed to the sponsors, NOT to We Can Do.

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International Seminar on CBR for Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities, 27-28 April 2009, Hyderabad, India: Call for Papers

Posted on 6 December 2008. Filed under: Academic Papers and Research, Announcements, Call for Papers, Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR), Events and Conferences, Opportunities, Rehabilitation, South Asian Region | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

Jan 24 Addendum: I have just now learned that this seminar, originally scheduled for April 27-28, 2009, is now being postponed. Thank you to one of the conference organizers who left this information in the comments area further below. People interested in the seminar will wish to communicate directly with the seminar organizers (NOT We Can Do). The organizers will issue further information on rescheduled dates when available.

Abstracts for original, unpublished papers need to be submitted by February 7, 2009. Authors will be notified by March 15, 2009. Papers selected for the conference will need to be submitted by April 4, 2009. For participants, early bird registrations (with the cheapest rates) are accepted until February 5, 2009; standard registration is accepted until March 10, 2009; and late registrations are accepted through April 10, 2009.

Sub: Call for nominations and papers for International Seminar on CBR (Community Based Rehabilitation)

Dear Sir / Madam,

Byrraju Foundation is a non-profit organization dedicated to bringing about a tangible improvement in the quality of lives of the rural underprivileged, with a mission to create a world-class platform for holistic sustainable rural transformation. BF is currently working in 199 villages across six districts of Andhra Pradesh impacting a million people. Its programmes include Healthcare, Disability Rehabilitation and Mental Health, Education and Adult Literacy, Water, Environment and Sanitation, Agri advisory services and Livelihood Skills.

Byrraju Foundation in partnership with National Institute for the Orthopaedically Handicapped (NIOH) Kolkata is organizing International Seminar on CBR for Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities from 27th- 28th April 2009 at Hyderabad. The co-sponsors are National Institute for the Mentally Handicapped (NIMH) Secunderabad, National Institute for empowerment of Persons with Multiple Disabilities (NIEPMD) Chennai and Mission for Elimination of Poverty in Municipal Areas (MEPMA), Indira Kranti Padam (IKP), Rehabilitation Council of India (RCI) and Codraid, The Netherlands.

The objectives of the seminar are to create a platform for confluence of best practices and share the knowledge, to provide a forum to discuss issues involved in CBR, to discover new strategies in CBR, to give direction to capacity building in CBR and to come out with recommendations for adaptation in public policy.

The takeaways of the seminar are publication of abstracts of all research articles on CBR during the past 5 years, publication on best practices containing select readings, publication of abstracts and full papers of seminar, publication of Seminar proceedings.

We are aware of the interesting work you are doing in the field of disability and community based rehabilitation. It gives us great pleasure to invite you to participate and even present a paper/poster in the above international seminar. Authors are invited to submit original unpublished manuscripts. Please send your abstracts by 7th February, 2009. The review process will be completed by 15th March 2009. Papers selected for the conference must be submitted no later than 4th April 2009.
Nominations will be accepted until April 10th 2009 by 5:00 p.m. Please fill in the enclosed application form for registration.
Enclosed is the first announcement of seminar and the registration form. We hope to receive a positive response from you.

Detailed instructions for writing and submitting abstracts are in the full-length call for papers (PDF format, 128 Kb). People who wish to register for the conference will wish to download the registration form (PDF format, 16 Kb).

Email correspondence in relation to this seminar can be directed to cbr.seminar09@byrrajufoundation.org

Thanking you,

Yours sincerely,

Dr. L. Govinda Rao,
(Former Director, NIMH, GOI),
Lead Partner, Empowerment of PWDS and Mental Health,
Byrraju Foundation,
Satyam Enclave, N.H 7,
2-74, Jeedimetla Village,
Secunderabad 500 055 AP, India,
Ph 91-40-23191725, 23193881,82,
Fax 91-40-23191726
www.byrrajufoundation.org
Mobile: +996 301 9993

Call for Papers and Nominations
The major change in strategy in rehabilitation and empowerment for the persons with disabilities over the past 25 years has been the expansion of services into the community. This has slowly gathered momentum and has developed into a differentiated programme called Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR). To improve the quality of community services and to upgrade professional skills, there is a need of sharing knowledge at the level of professionals, grass root level workers and various NGOs and implementing agencies of CBR. There is also a need to disseminate best practices for public policy modulation, Therefore, an International on CBR has been planned which will be organized jointly by Byrraju Foundation and National Institute for the Orthopaedically Handicapped at Hyderabad on 27th and 28th April, 2009.

Objectives:

  • To create a platform for confluence of best practices and share the knowledge.
  • To provide a forum to discover new issues involved in CBR.
  • To discover new strategies in CBR.
  • To give direction to capacity building in CBR.
  • To come out with recommendations for adaptation in public policy.

The seminar committee invites you to contribute to the 2009 seminar to be held at Byrraju Foundation, Hyderabad. You are invited to submit abstracts outlining oral and/or poster presentations for peer review by the scientific committee.

Themes:
The theme of the seminar will be on comprehensive access, rehabilitation and empowerment of persons with disabilities through CBR approach. Policies and best practices are vital for promotion of CBR. Similarly access to environment (A2E), empowerment in practice is critical to the inclusion and independent living of the PWDs. These are prerequisites to effectiveness of services based on full life-cycle needs (FLCN) and holistic development (HD) that are centered around individuals. Papers and proceedings are, therefore, designed to cover topics, issues and concerns under the broad categories of public policy (PP), access to environment (A2E), full life-cycle needs (FLCN) and holistic development (HD).

There will be one plenary session in each broad theme. There will also be concurrent sessions (two or more) depending upon the number of papers considered for presentation.

Poster Session:
Poster Session is an alternative approach for the presentation of projects/new work which will be available for seminar participants. Posters are strongly invited as they allow extended informal discussions, active participation of co-authors, and are displayed throughout the seminar. All the works submitted to the poster session should be based on the seminar themes.

Abstract specifications:

  • The abstract should be written in English, typed in Arial font and single spaced.
  • The title of paper should be concise in bold capital letters, size 12 and centered.
  • The author(s) name should begin with full first name and family name (the name of the presenting author should be bolded), size 12, normal and centered. Ensure that the author(s) have an affiliated organization listed (aligned left)
  • Presenters contact information – name, address, phone number, email.
  • Text of the abstract should be in font size 12, normal and justified.
  • The body of the text should cover the purpose of introduction, method, results and conclusions (200-250 words).
  • An indication if the abstract is submitted for poster or podium presentation
  • Please indicate the theme you would like to have the abstract included in Key Words – Capitalize the KEY WORDS and include no more than five.
  • Presentations should be 20 minutes long, with 5 minutes allotted for questions afterward.
  • PowerPoint visual support is preferred

Delegates:
All rehabilitation professionals, member of DPOs, CBR workers, CBR managers and administrators, persons with disability, parents, leaders/ social workers working for the empowerment of the PWDs are most welcome to participate in the seminar.

Downloading forms; contacting conference organizers
Detailed instructions for writing and submitting abstracts are in the full-length call for papers (PDF format, 128 Kb). People who wish to register for the conference will wish to download the registration form (PDF format, 16 Kb). If PDF format is not accessible for you, then please contact the conference organizers directly to request alternate format. I have tried to copy/paste the most critical information into this blog post in cases where the file formatting permitted copy/pasting.

Email correspondence in relation to this seminar can be directed to cbr.seminar09@byrrajufoundation.org



Thank you to Lakshmi Narayana with the Byrraju Foundation for submitting this conference announcement for publication at We Can Do.

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BOOK: Rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities

Posted on 6 November 2008. Filed under: Academic Papers and Research, Announcements, Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR) |

Editor Bhanushali Kishorkumar has released a book for sale, entitled Rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities.

[Note to We Can Do reader: I normally try to link only to resources that are free because I know many people in my target audience may have difficulty purchasing publications. But I’m making an exception here in part because I had previously publicized the editor’s call for papers for this book. More information about the book, including an abstract for each article, is provided below. For inquiries, please <a href=”go to the main web page for this book.

Rehabilitation Of Persons With Disabilities
by Bhanushali Kishorkumar D
ISBN: 978-81-314-1479-8
Pages: 272 Price:US$ 17
(Overseas Orders)
INR 425(Special Indian price)

Contents of the Book
1. Disability and Development: A Contribution to Promoting the Interests of Persons with Disabilities in German Development Cooperation
2. Rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities : Concepts and Challenges
3. Role of Family in Rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities
4. A Review of Community Based Rehabilitation Evaluations Quality of Life as an Outcome Measure for Future Evaluations
5. Summary on National Policy for Persons with Disabilities
6. Index
7. The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities The Road Ahead
8. Empowering the Disabled through Inclusive Education
9. Consumer Rights with Special Reference to the Disabled
10. The Changing Educational Scenario for Children with Deafblindness and Multiple Disabilities in India
11. Issues and Challenges for Rehabilitation of Mentally Ill Persons in India
12. The Protection of Rights of People with Disabilities in China
13. Vocational Reintegration of People with Spinal Cord Lesion in Bangladesh An Observational Study Based on a Vocational Training Project at CRP
14. Social and Structural Dimensions of Dependency, Participation and Social Exclusion among People with Mobility Impairments, Peninsular Malaysia
15. Survivor in Ukraine: Living Disability in a Post Soviet State

Overview

Introduction
With total world population of 650 million, persons with disabilities constitute the largest majority. As per United Nations report, 10 percent of population in underdeveloped countries is facing disabilities of one or the other type. If we include family members, advocates and all those affected by the problem of disabilities this is as high as 25 percent of population. Moreover, this number is constantly increasing through population, growth, medical advances and aging process, says World Health Organisation (WHO).

When a large section of population is facing the problem of disability of one or the other type, social and economic costs of sidetracking them will be very high. The concept of rehabilitation embodied the democratic and humanitarian ideal that each individual is important and each member of the community should contribute to society to the fullest extent. A persons handicap may be due to any type of disablement, i.e., either birth defects, sickness, diseases, industrial and road accidents or the stresses of war, work and daily life. Likewise, people are also handicapped by social and cultural disadvantage i.e., social, financial or educational. Whenever any of these conditions cause difficulties in life adjustment, the person is handicapped. The process of rehabilitation enables the person with handicap to attain usefulness and satisfaction in life. Rehabilitation programmes are concerned with helping the disabled person as a human being who requires specialized help to enable him to realize his physical, social, emotional and vocational potential. The objective of long-range planning for rehabilitation is to achieve maximum adjustments of the maximum number of disabled persons in maximum walks of life when the formal rehabilitation process is completed through good teamwork among medical, surgical, physiological, social, educational and vocational personnel. International Labour Organisation convention defines Rehabilitation of disabled is essential in order that they be restored to the possible physical, mental, social, vocational and economic usefulness of which they are capable (ILO 1955 recommendation).

Considering the size of population of persons with disabilities, it is necessary to have proper rehabilitation strategies. In designing country specific rehabilitation strategy, knowledge of rehabilitation practices followed in different countries and best practices world over is of significant importance.

In this context this book intends to focus on different approaches to rehabilitation of persons with disabilities, including medical, social and vocational. Rehabilitation strategies for different categories of persons with disabilities in different countries will be covered. Experiences of different counties towards rehabilitation of persons with disabilities will be included in the book. The book will also focus on the role played by international agencies like the International Labour Organisation (ILO), the United Nations (UN) and the World Health Organisation (WHO).

The main objective of this book is to highlight rehabilitation strategies for persons with disabilities along with best practices followed in various countries of the world. Different approaches for better integration of persons with disabilities in mainstream society are captured through various articles. At the same time the book also covers the legal framework for the rehabilitation of persons with disabilities.

The book is divided into three sections. The first section tries to give an overview of disability and rehabilitation process along with the role that the family has to play in the process of rehabilitation of persons with disabilities. The second section deals with strategies that are followed in the process of rehabilitation of persons with disabilities like education, human rights, training, awareness about consumer rights, societal awareness. The final section talks about experiences of different countries, including India, China, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Ukraine and Germany. Attempt has also been made to give the highlight of the national policy for persons with disabilities, designed by the Government of India in the form of an annexure.

Section I: Overview
The first article “Rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities: Concepts and Challenges” by Kishor Bhanushali defines different types of disability as given by various organisations and used in legislative provisions. Various types of disability such as visual, movement, hearing, speech, mental illness and mental retardation are covered. Causes and consequences of disability are discussed. The article also talks about various disability models such as moral, social, economic and human rights. Magnitude of disability in various countries estimated by various organisations like the World Health Organisation and the United Nations is covered. The latter part of this article deals with the need for rehabilitation of persons with disability and concepts of various types of rehabilitation like physical, psychological, social and vocational.

The second article “Role of Family in Rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities” is an invited article written by Neeti Sharma. It discusses the importance and role of family in the rehabilitation process. Disability affects family in all areas, including financial, social and educational. The success of the rehabilitation process depends on the role of family. Every family needs counselling and it should be given from time to time. It not only clears the myths and misconceptions about disability but also helps in understanding the disability, rehabilitation process and expectations.

The third article is “A Review of Community-Based Rehabilitation Evaluations: Quality of Life as an Outcome Measure for Future Evaluations” by Hasheem Mannan and Ann P Turnbull. This article highlights Community-Based Rehabilitation (CBR) as a means to enhance the opportunities for people with disabilities and their families in reference to social rehabilitation. The five basic principles of CBR are covered here. They are (1) utilization of community resources (2) knowledge transfer (3) community involvement (4) referral services and (5) coordinated approach toward education, health and social system as an outcome measure for rehabilitation evaluations. The article reviews the concept and evaluation of CBR and how it proposes to make quality of life an outcome measure. It presents a practical approach to future evaluations of CBR programmes through some of its features like service delivery system, technology transfer, community involvement, organisation and management, methodology and findings.

Section II: Approaches
The first article in this section “The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities The Road Ahead” is an invited article written by Akhil S Paul. This article briefs about the convention adopted by UN General Assembly on 30th March 2007. The convention marks a paradigm shift in the way disabilities are looked at and in the manner in which persons with disabilities are perceived. It is pertinent to clarify that the convention is NOT asking for anything NEW but asking persons with disabilities to enjoy the same opportunities in society that everybody already enjoys. This convention discusses about legislation, which is not the only means of social progress; it represents one of the most powerful vehicles of change, progress and development in society. Measures to address the existing discrimination and to ensure the rights of people with disability in all aspects are discussed in this article.

The second article “Empowering the Disabled through Inclusive Education” by Moiz Tundawala considers as to how empowerment of disabled is being carried through rehabilitation process of inclusive education, where disability is not viewed as something invoking pity or in need of a cure. Social model presents disability as a consequence of oppression, prejudice and discrimination by society against disabled people. The disabled can be transformed from passive community gears to productive human resources, capable of making a useful contribution in social development, with the help of education. The author concludes with some remarks, which hint at urgent necessity for integration of persons with disabilities, realization of inclusive education, coordination between governmental agencies and private sector, reservations for the disabled in Government and private educational institutions as per the law and effective implementation mechanisms for the welfare of the disabled.

The last article of this section “Consumer Rights with Special Reference to the Disabled” by Ami Divatia looks at diversity of the issue relating to disabled as consumer by rehabilitation process through consumer rights. Since the Indian consumers are naive and disorganized, business enterprises exploit them for their personal benefits, where the Indian consumer suffers due to traditional attitude of silence. Study revealed that persons with disabilities had good knowledge about the consumer rights and they had utilized the consumers rights to a large extent. Variable barriers which affected the extent of utilization of the benefits were age, marital status, education, occupation, family income and type of school.

Section III: Experiences
The first article of this section “The Changing Educational Scenario for Children with Deafblindness and Multiple Disabilities in India” is by Akhil S Paul. This article briefs about the changing educational scenario for children with deafblindness and multiple disabilities in India. Deafblind children are educationally isolated, as impairments of sight and hearing stop them from reaching their full potential for unique educational approaches. The initiative for Multi- Sensory Impaired (MSI) in the country is need-based and as a result, the services got much localised and led to the development of many forms of interventions and models such as the persons with disabilities and its equal opportunities, protection of rights and full participation Act and the National Trust For Welfare of People with autism, cerebral palsy, mental retardation and multiple disabilities.

The second article “Issues and Challenges for Rehabilitation of Mentally Ill Persons in India” is an invited article written by Harshit Sinha. This article talks about rehabilitation services in the mental health sector in India, having a broad spectrum of services but are being labour-intensive and costly affairs. Due to this both institutional and community-based rehabilitation programme practices have made the process loosely bounded. The issue of lack of clarity for the clear definition of Rehabilitation in mental health gave birth to misconception and false practice in the name of rehabilitation of mental health. As there is no uniform framework that can be adopted in imparting rehabilitation services there are great possibilities of missing links of ethical and legal issues; quality standards and quality of care without proper service deliver system. An attempt has been made in this article to discuss the current challenge status of the existing rehabilitation services, addressing the issues concerned, that can be strengthened by developing rehabilitation framework by creating better coordination and understanding between implementing agencies and the ministries concerned.

The third article “The Protection of Rights of People with Disabilities in China” by Eric Guozhong Zhang. This article discusses Chinas current status, which is the largest developing country in the world, where people with disabilities still remain a vulnerable group and many encounter specific difficulties in society. In spite of the countrys rapid economic growth and social development such as series of positive legislative, administrative actions and work of disability organisations and the general living conditions, the overall social status of people with disabilities in the country still remains vulnerable and many encounter specific difficulties in a society where economy is experiencing a tremendous market-oriented transition. How the Government is reportedly taking action to review its disability legislation and policies, including the Law on the Protection of Disabled Persons, and continuing its efforts to formulate more specific regulations on the promotion of rights in the Constitution through specific areas such as education, employment, communication, health services, housing, accessibility, culture, sports and recreation and civic participation for persons with disability is explained.

The fourth article “Vocational Reintegration of People with Spinal Cord Lesion in Bangladesh An Observational Study Based on a Vocational Training Project at CRP” is written by Christian Holm Hansen, Ilias Mahmud and Afsana Jahan Bhuiyan. This article outlines the components of the employment situation for disabled people in the Dhaka district of Bangladesh, which was found to be extremely poor. The study was engaged in a new rehabilitation initiative, aiming at bringing people with spinal cord injury back to their previous occupations. This article discusses its initiative, and assesses its success on the basis of an Observational Study on Vocational Training Project by the Centre for Rehabilitation of Paralyzed (CRP) from 2002 to 2005. Economic constraints imposed by the changed circumstances became a hurdle for people with disabilities from regaining employment whether it is a question of building an access ramp, buying mobility aids, or raising initial capital for setting up a small business. The issues considered were particularly emphasizing on the implications for policymakers and organisations working with disabled people, which were most important in influencing their ability to re-enter the workforce with factors such as family cooperation and financial struggles.

The fifth article is “Social and Structural Dimensions of Dependency, Participation and Social Exclusion among People with Mobility Impairments, Peninsular Malaysia” by Zaliha Omar and Lenore Manderson is a resilience study on social aspects of impairments and disability conducted in urban and rural Selangor, Peninsular Malaysia, in 2003-04. People were living with impairments and their families living with this chronic health conditions and their impacts on self-esteem, social relationships and societal participation were measured using both quantitative and qualitative methods, including standardized and purpose-specific instruments. In-depth interviews were conducted with Malay, Chinese and Indian Malaysians. The urgent need for its review is necessary and reform of medical and health services has arisen concurrently with increased commitment to ensuring equity and maximizing the social participation and capabilities of all citizens.

The sixth article is “Survivor in Ukraine: Living Disability in a Post-Soviet State” by Sarah D Phillips. With the experiences of spinal cord injuries, the writer talks about how in Ukraine an individual with disabilities is reduced to bare life left to fend for himself and his social status is officially defined by his lack of health as a person with disabilities seeks physical, social, and political empowerment through social ties and advocacy network. The author discusses the concept of disability and bare life where living life as wheelchair users in Ukraine would not be very much different from living on an island. The article concludes that efforts to modernize and reform Ukrainian heath care services for mobility of the disabled are just getting underway and the reforms are very sluggish. Without adequate resources for health care and rehabilitation, disabled are obligated to cultivate their own deeply personal body culture which prevent fulfillment of social obligations.

The seventh article “Disability and Development: A Contribution to Promoting the Interests of Persons with Disabilities in German Development Cooperation” is sourced from www.disabilityworld.org. This paper intends to show the importance of taking into consideration the interests of persons with disabilities in connection with poverty reduction and achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). It presents the orientation of German Development Cooperation (GDC), and offers a brief outline of activities and provides impulses for further cooperation efforts in this sensitive area. International development community is increasingly guided by rights-based approach, which calls for participation of all groups of the population particularly disadvantaged persons in development process. Various activities of German Development Cooperation (GDC) within bilateral co-operation with various agencies are presented.

Annexure
This annexure titled “Summary on National Policy for Persons with Disabilities” is compiled by Meghna Sanghvi. It is a summary of the article National Policy for Persons with Disabilities, written by Meira Kumar and published by Government of India; Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment in 2006.

To buy the book Follow the link http://www.books.iupindia.org/newarticle.asp?isbn=978-81-314-1479-8&bookid=IB1101859



Thank you to Dr. Kishor Bhanushali for submitting this announcement. Any inquires should please go to the book publisher or author, NOT We Can Do.

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Training Workshop on AIDS and Disability, 19-20 November 2008, Soesterberg, The Netherlands

Posted on 15 September 2008. Filed under: Announcements, Call for Nominations or Applications, Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR), Cross-Disability, Education and Training Opportunities, Events and Conferences, Health, HIV/AIDS, Inclusion, Opportunities | Tags: , , , , , , , , |

The application deadline is October 1, 2008, to attend the training seminar November 19-20, 2008. Inquiries should be directed to Enablement, or to h.cornielje@enablement.nl, NOT We Can Do.

The number of disabled people worldwide is considerable – the figure of 650 million is often quoted. People with a disability and their families also account for 20% of the world’s poorest people. But so far most HIV-AIDS programmes are not accessible to people with disabilities.
International attention to the rights of people with disabilities is increasing especially since May 2008, when the UN Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities has come into effect. However governments and policy makers have generally yet to include disability issues in their AIDS strategic plans. Even within specific disability programmes it is not yet common to ensure that clients of such programmes do have access to appropriate information and services that are related to HIV-AIDS and reproductive health. Leaving disabled people out of HIV-AIDS prevention and care is shortsighted. Given the rapid growth of the epidemic and the size of the global disabled population (an estimated 10% of the world‘s citizens); the AIDS crisis cannot be addressed successfully unless individuals with disability are routinely included in all HIV-AIDS prevention, treatment and outreach efforts!

Local Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR) teams, professionals, people with disabilities and their families share the same fears, misconceptions and risks as the rest of the general public with regard to the virus. They urgently need to receive accessible and appropriate information on HIV-AIDS. The launch of the new United Nations CBR Guidelines December 2008 in Bangkok will mean that information on HIV-AIDS will become more easily available for CBR teams as these guidelines pay specific attention to this subject. The goal of the section focusing on HIV-AIDS is to ensure ‘access for all’ to HIV-AIDS information, services and programmes. This goal involves three key areas: increasing individual knowledge, reducing stigma and discrimination and mitigating the impact HIV-AIDS has on families and communities.

During this 2-day workshop outstanding researchers and practitioners will ensure that participants will become sensitized towards the need for inclusion of disabled people within their mainstream HIV-AIDS programmes. They will also discuss strategies, tools and experiences in HIV/AIDS programmes that include disabled people and in CBR and disability programmes which integrate HIV-AIDS with their other activities.

Prospective participants are
• policy makers & planners as well as project staff working in the field of
development cooperation
• policy makers & planners as well as project staff of mainstream HIV¬AIDS organisations
• AIDS activists
• interested academic staff from various university faculties

Overall goal
Mainstream development and HIV¬AIDS organisations understand the importance of inclusion of disabled people in their HIV-AIDS programmes.

Objectives
Participants have an increased awareness about the vulnerability of persons with disabilities to the risk and impact of HIV and AIDS;
Participants have tools and arguments for how to ensure inclusion of disability in HIV-AIDS policies, strategies and programs; Participants are able to advocate within their own organizations for equal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support services for persons with disabilities.

Content
The following content is being discussed:
• Sexual and Reproductive Health: a right of disabled people
• The situation of HIV-AIDS among disabled people world wide
• Specific risk factors
• Inclusion of disabled people in mainstream HIV-AIDS programmes: why (not)?
• Inclusive HIV-AIDS programming
• Effectiveness of inclusive HIV-AIDS programmes
• Community Based Rehabilitation and HIV-AIDS

Lecturing methods
• Short lectures by experts,
• Discussions
• Small group work
• Case study analysis

Lecturing staff Dr. Nora Groce (USA) is a medical anthropologist, interested in the area of global health and international development with particular emphasis on cross-cultural systems of health care and health as human rights issues. Her research interests include issues of disability in international health and development, violence as a global public health problem and equity in access to health care in ethnic and minority communities. Current Research Projects of Nora Groce are:
• Disability and HIV/AIDS knowledge among Disabled Populations (and the Yale University/World Bank Global Survey on HIV/AIDS and Disability);
• World Bank Health Systems Assessment Project;
• Violence against Disabled Children; and
• HIV/AIDS Education in Indigenous Communities: Rites of Passage

George O. Obuya (Kenya) is project co-coordinator of the Deaf Social Counselling & HIV/AIDS Education Program. He is representing the Dar-es Salaam (Tanzania) based and recently formed African Deaf Union in the African Decade for Persons with Disability HIV/AIDS Steering Committee, as well as a senior board member of the Kenya National Association of the Deaf (KNAD).

Jessica de Ruijter is the advocacy officer at VSO Netherlands. She has much experience in the area of HIV prevention and started advocacy on HIV and disability since January 2008. She is also the co-chair of the DCDD working group HIV and Disability.

Dr Peter Rule is a Senior Lecturer in the Centre for Adult Education at the University of KwaZulu-Natal in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa. He recently completed a three-country study for the World Bank on HIV & AIDS and Disability. He has experience of working with NGOs in KwaZulu-Natal in the fields of adult literacy, disability, gender, HIV/AIDS and early childhood development.

Geert Vanneste is a health and rehabilitation consultant who worked for Christoffel BlindenMission (CBM) in Rwanda (1987-1994) and Tanzania (1994-2007). His main expertise is in the area of CBR but increasingly he became involved in Health and Hospital Management and HIV-AIDS issues. Currently he is Independent Consultant and living in Belgium.

The workshop will be conducted under the leadership of Roelie Wolting and Huib Cornielje and supported by the HIV-AIDS working group of the Dutch Coalition on Disability and Development.

Dates
19th and 20th of November 2008
(10.00 to 17.00 hours)

Venue
Kontakt der Kontinenten, Soesterberg, The Netherlands

Course fees
€ 500,00 (including tea/coffee, lunches and a course map)

Maximum number of participants
24

Application and Further Information
Interested people should apply well in advance (before the 1st of October 2008) by filling out the attached application form.

Huib Cornielje Enablement Langenhorst 36 2402PX Alphen aan den Rijn
Tel: +31-172-436953
Fax: +31-172-244976 E-mail: h.cornielje@enablement.nl Internet: www.enablement.nl
We gratefully acknowledge the financial support provided by CORDAID.

Interested participants should send the following information to h.cornielje@enablement.nl, NOT to We Can Do.

Application form for Disability- HIV&AIDS training
19th and 20th of November 2008

This form to be submitted to: Enablement, Langenhorst 36, 2402PX, Alphen aan den Rijn, The Netherlands. E-mail: h.cornielje@enablement.nl

General Information participant

First name
Family Name
Address
Postal code
City
Country
Telephone
Cell Phone
Fax
E-mail address
Employer/organisation
Profession or function within organisation
Organisation name (if different from information above)
Address
Postal Address
Postal Code
City
Telephone
Cell phone
Fax
E-mail address
Website

Dietary requirements?
If any special requirements please specify

Signature of applicant
Date
Place

Again, send application form to h.cornielje@enablement.nl




The above text was taken from an announcement being circulated by Enablement, an organization committed to disability and rehabilitation management, particularly in less developed nations.

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WHO Disability and Rehabilitation Newsletter July 2008 Issue

Posted on 25 August 2008. Filed under: Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR), Cross-Disability, Events and Conferences, Human Rights, Mobility Impariments, News, Opportunities | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

Text-only version of the WHO/DAR Newsletter
July 2008 Issue

The World Health Organization (WHO) disability and rehabilitation newsletter is produced three times a year and distributed via e-mail. Subscription/unsubscription requests should be sent to WHO’s Disability and Rehabilitation Team (DAR) at the following e-mail address: pedersenr@who.int

IN THIS ISSUE

Features
* WHO Task Force on Disability
* WRDR Regional Consultations
* RI World Congress
* Wheelchair Guidelines
* CBR Congress
* New faces at DAR

Editorial
This month sees the halfway stage of development of the World Report, a moment to celebrate and take stock of how far we have come and how much more there is to do before we launch the document in eighteen months time. Another milestone has been the first meeting of the WHO Task Force on Disability, part of the Organizations’ response to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. These are exciting times for WHO’s work in disability and rehabilitation, and we have an expanded and enthusiastic team of staff working to deliver change. We are particularly grateful to all our collaborators and funders who have worked with us to help us achieve our ambitions to improve the lives of people with disabilities.

Alana Officer,
Coordinator
Disability and Rehabilitation

Task Force on Disability
WHO Director-General, Dr Margaret Chan, has set up a Task Force on Disability, chaired by Assistant Director-General Dr Ala Alwan, with representation from each regional office and from each cluster within HQ. This exciting initiative comes in the wake of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, and will work to raise the profile of disability at WHO. Key tasks will include: conducting audits of WHO premises and making access improvements; reviewing websites and printed information to improve their accessibility; promoting employment opportunities for people with disabilities; and providing disability equality training for staff.

The Task Force will also work with the Technical Programmes of WHO to assist them to make their programs inclusive of and accessible to people with disabilities. For example, what about the needs of people with disabilities in disaster and emergencies? What about the needs of women with disabilities during pregnancy and childbirth?

Task Force focus: Information
So, what is WHO doing to ensure better access to all the information it produces? Ian Coltart of WHO Press, responsible for publishing guidelines and standards across WHO, writes…

“With a global audience and a mission to disseminate WHO’s information as widely as possible, WHO needs to ensure that it’s published information is accessible in appropriate formats for different audiences, including partially sighted and blind people, as well as people with learning difficulties.

WHO Press has developed and published a large print version of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). The book is produced in A4 size with a clear page layout designed for partially sighted people. The book is available from the WHO online bookshop, at: http://bookorders.who.int/bookorders/anglais/detart1.jsp?sesslan=1&codlan=1&codcol=15&codcch=4088. WHO Press also plans to develop a Braille version of ICF for the blind.

WHO Press is working with WHO’s Disability and Rehabilitation Team (DAR) to develop publishing guidelines for WHO staff on producing specific formats such as large print and Braille, but also to improve the general design and layout of WHO’s mainstream printed products to accommodate partially sighted audiences.

World Report on Disability and Rehabilitation Regional Consultations
In May and June 2008, regional consultations on the preliminary draft of the World Report on Disability and Rehabilitation were held in San José, Costa Rica for the Americas Region; Dar-Es-Salaam, Tanzania for the African and Eastern Mediterranean Regions; Rome, Italy for the European Region; and Manila, the Philippines for the South-east Asian and Western Pacific Regions. Each consultation brought together a diverse group of experts with complementary knowledge and experience, including people with disabilities. Participants included editors of the Report, chapter authors, academics, service providers, policymakers, government officials, NGO representatives, and disability advocates.

Claudia Sánchez, a Columbian architect and participant in the consultation in San José, felt that the process was vital because “it brings into the report experiences from around the world that come from the real people”, i.e. those who have direct knowledge of the issues. While it was most helpful to gather constructive criticisms of the preliminary draft, it was also encouraging to witness how many participants were excited by the potential of the Report to advance work in disability and rehabilitation. As Kudakwashe Dube, CEO of the Secretariat of the Africa Decade of Persons with Disabilities remarked at the Dar-Es-Salaam event, “the report challenges countries to take serious steps to mainstream disability and capacitate all actors in order to achieve an improvement in the quality of life of persons with disabilities”.

The participants’ feedback, cultural perspectives on the draft and the sources of regional information they identified, will help ensure that the final document is relevant in diverse global contexts. They also proposed recommendations for action and generated ideas for regional dissemination of the Report and related events. The comments and suggestions from the four consultations will be collated and reviewed by the Editorial Committee. Lead authors will then use the input to help guide development of the next draft.

Wheelchair Guidelines
The wheelchair is one of the most commonly used assistive devices for enhancing personal mobility. For many people, an appropriate, well-designed and well-fitted wheelchair can be the first step towards inclusion and participation in society.

The United Nations Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities, the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and World Health Assembly Resolution WHA58.23 all point to the importance of wheelchairs and other assistive devices for the developing world, where few of those who need wheelchairs have them, insufficient production facilities exist, and all too often wheelchairs are donated without the necessary related services.

When the need is not met, people with disabilities are isolated and do not have access to the same opportunities as others within their own communities. Providing wheelchairs with related services not only enhances mobility but begins a process of opening up a world of education, work and social life. The development of national policies and increased training opportunities in the design, production and supply of wheelchairs are essential next steps.

In the light of the realities of the developing world and the immediate need to develop functioning systems of wheelchair provision in less-resourced parts of the world, the World Health Organization (WHO), the US Agency for International Development (USAID), the International Society for Prosthetics and Orthotics (ISPO) and Disabled Peoples’ International (DPI), in partnership with the Centre for International Rehabilitation, the Motivation Charitable Trust and Whirlwind Wheelchair International, have developed the Guidelines on the provision of manual wheelchairs in less-resourced settings. These will assist WHO Member States to develop a local wheelchair provision system and thereby implement Articles 4, 20 and 26 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

Update from the WHO Ghana Country Office
As part of measures to strengthen the capacity of the Rehabilitation Services in Ghana, a joint WHO and International Society of Prosthesis and Orthotics (ISPO) mission was carried out. Details of the mission were provided in the fourth Newsletter (http://www.who.int/disabilities/publications/newsletter/en/index.html). In response to the mission’s recommendations, the Ghana Health Service, the Ministry of Health and the WHO Ghana Country office selected two candidates for certificate level training in prosthetics and two candidates for certificate level training in orthotics. The training will be carried out in the WHO collaborating Centre: Tanzania Training Centre for Orthopaedic Technologies (TATCOT), Moshi, Tanzania. The certificate courses, each of one year duration, comprise theoretical, laboratory and clinical practice to prescribe and deliver the appropriate lower limb prosthesis or orthotic in consultation with the intended user. This is an important step towards developing prosthetics and orthotics service provision in Ghana. The training has been made possible through support from ISPO and full scholarships from the Leahy War Victim Fund of USAID .

RI World Congress
Rehabilitation International (RI), a partner of WHO, is a global organization bringing together expertise from all sectors in the disability field advancing the rights and inclusion of persons with disabilities. RI is organizing its 21st World Congress in Quebec City from 25 -28 August 2008, attended by more than 1000 participants, including people with disabilities and their organizations, human rights activists, experts, rehabilitation professionals, government representatives, service providers and leaders of civil society. The vision statement of the Congress is “Disability Rights and Social Participation: Ensuring a Society for all” and the key areas of discussion are: Human Rights, Independent Living and Social Participation and Implementation of the UN Convention.

WHO will be launching the new Wheelchair Guidelines during the plenary session of the first day of the Congress. Additionally, WHO is hosting three sessions during the event and will be supporting the ICF conference, a dedicated two-day track, within the RI conference:

1. CBR Guidelines — 25 August (Block 63 – 2:10 pm) with Barbara Murray (ILO), Karen H. Motsch (CBM), Venus Ilagan (RI), Tomas Lagerwall (RI), Alana Officer (WHO) and Chapal Khasnabis (WHO).

2. World Report on Disability and Rehabilitation — 25 August (Bloc 62 – 4:20 pm) with Anne Hawker (RI); Charlotte McClain-Nhlapo (World Bank); Sebenzile Matsebula (RI); Kicki Nordstrom (WBU) and Alana Officer (WHO).

3. 3. Wheelchair Guidelines — 27 August
(Bloc 72 – 10:30 am) with David Constantine (Motivation); Dan Blocka (ISPO); Rob Horvath (USAID); Anna Lindstrom (Swedish Institute of Assistive Technology – SIAT); Venus Ilagan (RI) and Chapal Khasnabis (WHO).

4. International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) — August 26 and 27.
The 14th annual North American Collaborating Center (NACC) Conference on the ICF will be hosted by the Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI), Statistics Canada and the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) in collaboration with Rehabilitation International. The theme is Evaluating Social Participation: Applications of the ICF and ICF-CY.

Conference website: www.riquebec2008.org/

1st CBR Asia-Pacific Congress
This event, taking place on 9-11 December 2008 at the United Nations Conference Centre (UNCC), Bangkok, Thailand, will be the first meeting of CBR practitioners from countries in Asia and the Pacific. The Asia-Pacific Decade of Disabled Persons, promoted by ESCAP, has given an impetus for Governments and NGOs to create an inclusive, barrier free and rights-based society. A regional policy guideline, the Biwako Millennium Framework (BMF) for Action and its supplement, the BMF +5, promoted a paradigm shift from charity to a rights-based approach to disability. Meanwhile, the CRPD heralds a new era of state recognition of the human rights of people with disabilities.

The Congress will bring together key stakeholders to share resources and to be updated on CBR as an effective multi-sectoral strategy for rehabilitation, equalization of opportunity, poverty reduction and social inclusion of people with disabilities. It will promote research and evidence based practice related to CBR, and facilitate the development of an alliance and resource base for the Asia-Pacific region – comprising UN, Governments, NGOs, DPOs and others.

Satellite workshops pre- and post-conference will be held on CBR and mental health; CBR, human rights and the CPRD; CBR and Leprosy for up to 45 participants each.

The Congress is jointly organized by WHO, UNESCAP and the Government of Thailand and supported by ILO, UNESCO, JICA, CBM, HI, AIFO, NAD, ILEP and others.

Conference Website: www.cbr-asiapacific.org/
E-mail: secretariat@cbr-asiapacific.org

New faces at DAR

Three short term staff have brought their wit and wisdom to bear on WHO’s projects on disability and rehabilitation. Bliss Temple is a trainee physician from North Carolina, USA, and she has been supporting the development of the World Report. Tom Shakespeare is a disability studies academic from Newcastle, UK, and has been working for the Task Force on Disability. Veronica Umeasiegbu is a physical therapist from Nigeria, currently studying Rehabilitation Counselling at the University of Pittsburgh, USA and has been working on CBR. As well as their solid academic and professional credentials, as people with disabilities they bring personal experience of the issues.



We Can Do discovered this newsletter when it was forwarded to the AsiaPacificDisability email discussion group and the AdHoc_IDC email discussion group, both of which can be subscribed to for free.

If you wish to receive future issues of the WHO Rehabilitation Newsletter directly via email, then please inquire with pedersenr@who.int. You may also download past issues of the newsletter in PDF format at http://www.who.int/disabilities/publications/newsletter/en/index.html

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CBR Forum India Website

Posted on 14 July 2008. Filed under: Announcements, Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR), Cross-Disability, Human Rights, South Asian Region | Tags: , , , , , , |

Learn more about Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR) programs in India at the CBR Forum website.

This website periodically posts news items related to human rights among people with disabilities. You can also find a listing of publications and powerpoint programs on CBR, human rights, universal access and other topics, as well as all past CBR Forum Annual Reports. Their resource section has links to laws and regulations relevant to people with disabilities in India; information about employment opportunities; links to government ministries and departments in India; links to disability-oriented organizations; and other resources around the web.

Start exploring the CBR Forum website at:

http://www.cbrforum.in/



Thank you to Ghulam Nabi Nizimani for bringing attention to this website.

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CONFERENCE: 1st Asia-Pacific CBR Congress, 9-11 Dec. 2008, Bangkok

Posted on 23 May 2008. Filed under: Announcements, Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR), Cross-Disability, East Asia Pacific Region, Events and Conferences, Opportunities, Rehabilitation | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , |

The 1st Asia-Pacific Community-Based Rehabilitation (CBR) Congress is being held 9 to 11 December 2008 at the United Nations Conference Center in Bangkok, Thailand. It is being sponsored by the World Health Organization (WHO), the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP) and the Royal Thai Government.

This conference offers CBR implementers, policy-makers, government organizations and agencies, parents groups, and representatives of disabled people’s organizations (DPOs) from all over the Asia-Pacific region to exchange experiences, to form a network, and learn about new trends in CBR. These topics will be examined within the context of the Asia-Pacific Decade of Disabled Persons (2003-2012) and the new Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD).

Objectives include: bringing stakeholders together to share resources; developing an alliance and resource base for the Asia-Pacific region among the United Nations, Government Organizations (GO), Non-Government Organizations (NGOs), Disabled People Organizations, and others; promoting CBR as a strategy for reducing poverty and enhancing the quality of life for persons with disabilities and their families; promoting the importance of implementing the CRPD, the Biwako Millennium Framework (BMF) and BMF+5; andpromoting community-based inclusive development for people with disabilities and their families.

According to the conference web site, the official language of the congress will be English. Efforts will be made for simultaneous translation in Arabic, Russian, Chinese, and Thai for all plenary sessions subject to level of participation from these regions. Congress proceedings also will be available in accessible format as much as possible.

Learn more about the 1st Asia-Pacific Community-Based Rehabiltation Congress at their web site at:

http://www.cbr-asiapacific.org/

Any inquiries should please be directed to the conference organizers, not to We Can Do. Interested parties should please follow the above links to the conference web site.



We Can Do learned about the 1st Asia-Pacific Community-Based Rehabiltation Congress via the Disabled People International electronic newsletter. Further detail was gathered at the conference web site.

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CALL FOR PAPERS: Community Based Rehabilitation, Concept and Cases

Posted on 14 April 2008. Filed under: Call for Papers, Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR), Opportunities, South Asian Region | Tags: , , , , , , , |

[Edited 6 November 2008 to add this note: This book has now been published and can be purchased at http://www.books.iupindia.org/newarticle.asp?isbn=978-81-314-1479-8&bookid=IB1101859]

The following email was recently circulated on the Global Partnership for Disability and Development (GPDD) email discussion group.

Dear All

This is Dr. Kishor Bhanushali from India. I have recently completed my doctorate in the area of vocational rehabilitation. I am looking for professionals who can contribute articles for my forthcoming edited book on Community Based Rehabilitation: Concept and Cases. Those interested can contact me at kishorkisu@rediffmail.com, Kishor@ibsindia.org

Thanks,
Dr. Kishor Bhanushali

Please note that people with inquiries should contact Dr. Kishor Banushali directly via the email addresses given above.



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TRAINING: Planning and Management of CBR Programs, Bangalore, India

Posted on 10 February 2008. Filed under: Announcements, Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR), Cross-Disability, Education and Training Opportunities, Rehabilitation, South Asian Region | Tags: , , , , , , , |

The training program will be April 7 to April 17th, 2008, in Bangalore, India. Read below for further details, then inquire directly with the organizers at cbrnet@airtelbroadband.in.

CBR NETWORK (South Asia)
— (A NGO Movement Bridging the Gaps ……

* UN ECOSOC Special Consultative Status since 2007
* Associate Member of Rehabilitation International (Advancing the rights and inclusion of persons with disabilities worldwide)

Human Resource Development (HRD) Programmes in Community Based Rehabilitation

Training Programme for CBR Managers

CBR Network (South Asia) is an international NGO (Non-Government Organisation) actively involved in Training, Research, Consultancy, Information exchange, Advocacy and Publishing activities in the field of Disability and Rehabilitation. Started in 1993 to break the isolation of NGOs, CBR Network believes in the holistic union of human needs and capacities, through Community Based Rehabilitation and focuses on meeting the needs of persons with disabilities, without disintegrating and isolating them from their families and communities. CBR Network has been very active in accomplishing the snowballing effect through Dissemination of information, Technical support, Training, Planning and Management of CBR programs as well as Research and Publications.

Rationale:
The needs of persons with disabilities are the same as their able bodied peers. Such needs cut across all sectors. Moreover, as the community represents disabled persons of all ages and different stages of life, different sectors come into play. No one sector on its own can respond to the comprehensive needs involved in the rehabilitation process. CBR programmes should seek to meet the needs of disabled persons of various aetiologies and of all ages with a cost-effective approach without underestimating how people and existing services within the communities can contribute.

UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities is throwing new challenges .CBR has to change and will change to meet the millennium challenges. The proposed training for CBR managers helps to understand and develop strategies for the implementation using CBR philosophy.

In order to meet the challenge of establishing cross-disability CBR programs with Multi-sectoral approach the personnel involved should know how to develop a more comprehensive approach to rehabilitation making use of all the available human, material and infrastructure resources. Its philosophy is rooted in a realistic understanding of existing institutions, holding the middle ground between overloading and under-utilizing the communities, between horizontal and vertical, between purely center-based and home-based. There are no particular formulae for CBR. Such programmes require creative Managers with knowledge and vision on the true face of ‘disability’ and of ‘rehabilitation’ in their own country or region.

The Training Sessions for CBR Managers wish to promote this approach to CBR, incorporating Management and Social Work Principles and techniques alongside protecting the Rights of every individual in the society.

Course title: Planning and Management of CBR Programs

Date: 7th – 17 April 2008
The 10 day programme sessions and field visits in an urban as well as in a rural CBR program.

Venue: CBR Network, Bangalore, India

Language of the Course: English.

Target Group: Priority is given to CBR Managers, Coordinators, Staff & Representatives of CBR-Donor Organizations, Government Staff, Managers of other disability-related programs, UN Personnel and Members of Service Clubs. (Maximum 20 participants, Registration on a first-come-first served basis).

Cost and Fees:

Accommodation & costs for food: Rs.1000/- per day
Training & Materials: Rs.10000/- per person
No stipend is being paid to the participants

For further details please contact:

CBR NETWORK (South Asia)
134,1st Block,6th Main, BSK III Stage
Bangalore-560085
India
Email: cbrnet@airtelbroadband.in

Web: http\\www.cbrnetworksouthasia.org

Phone-91(India)-80(Bangalore)-26724273, 26724221

Registration Form:
I hereby confirm my participation for the training programme
My profile:
Name: ………………………………………………
Address: ………………………………………………
.…………………………………
………………………………………………
City: ……………………………..
State: …………………………………..

Email: ………………………………………………
Phone no. ……………………………..
Mobile: …………………………………
Accommodation required: YES / NO

Date of arrival: …………………………..
Date of departure: ………………………….




We Can Do learned about this opportunity through the Intl-Dev mailing list; people can subscribe to Intl-Dev via email for free.



Also at We Can Do: catch up with the news; explore resources, toolkits, or funding and fellowship opportunities that might be helpful for your organization; find research, reports, papers, or statistics; or look up conferences, events, call for papers, or education/training opportunities.



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TRAINING: Community-Based Rehabilitation Training and Management

Posted on 9 January 2008. Filed under: Announcements, Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR), Cross-Disability, Education and Training Opportunities, Opportunities, Rehabilitation | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

Please note that this blog post contains two separate announcements for two separate training opportunities from the same Community-Based Rehabilitation (CBR) training program in the Netherlands. Read carefully to determine which is best suited to your needs. Inquiries should be made directly to Huib Cornielje.

Two week Training of Trainers in CBR programme in The Netherlands
Enablement (Alphen aan den Rijn) in collaboration with a number of training experts are in currently developing a new course: TOT in CBR. The course is scheduled for the 25th of August to the 5th of September. This course is of particular importance if you want to know more about training and education with a special focus on training staff in CBR. Besides some theoretical background the course in particular will focus on practical applications; participatory methodologies; case study writing; group dynamics and facilitation skills.
More information will follow. If you do have an interest to participate please do contact Huib Cornielje at h.cornielje@enablement.nl

Announcement of the 2008 CBR Management course in The Netherlands
Enablement is pleased to inform you that in 2008 (from September 15 to October 10) again a 4-week International Course in Management of Disability and Rehabilitation is being offered to rehabilitation professionals and disability and development workers and activists. Serious candidates should apply well in advance and if you intend to attend this course or intend to send someone to this course please fill out the online application form at www.enablement.nl

Participants who attended the 2007 course came from a number of interesting projects in the following countries: Malawi, Rwanda, China, Japan, Germany, Nicaragua, The Philippines, Mexico, Cambodia, Indonesia and The Netherlands.

The courses are conducted under the leadership of Huib Cornielje and Roelie Wolting. Besides, a number of Dutch trainers and international experts will play an important role in the training. The following international disability and CBR experts and trainers are on a regular basis involved in the course:

  • Prof. Patrick. Devlieger, University of Leuven, Belgium
  • Dr. M. Miles, Birmingham, UK
  • Dr Maya Thomas, senior consultant, India
  • Mr David Werner, CBR expert, USA
  • Mr Peter Coleridge, consultant, UK
  • Mrs Susie Miles, specialist in special needs education, UK
  • Mr Nick Heeren, CIEDEL, France

Huib Cornielje
Enablement
h.cornielje@enablement.nl



We Can Do learned about this opportunity through the “Disability Information Dissemination Network,” which is managed by the”Centre for Services and Information on Disability”(CSID),Bangladesh and currently sponsored by Sightsavers International. Individuals may receive announcements like this one via the CSID mailing list for free by sending an email to csid@bdmail.net, csid@bdonline.com, or info@csididnet.org with the word “join” in the subject line.



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TRAINING for Program Coordinators in Bangalore

Posted on 3 January 2008. Filed under: Announcements, Children, Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR), Cross-Disability, Education and Training Opportunities, HIV/AIDS, Opportunities, South Asian Region, Women | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

Action on Disability and Development (ADD) India
Training for Project Coordinators

Action on Disability and Development (ADD) India is a development organization working with persons with disability in rural areas in South India.

ADD India is conducting a Training in Bangalore for Programme Coordinators. This is aimed at developing the skills of Coordinators working in the development sector to incorporate and manage teamwork and their role as leaders and to strengthen their field based functions.

Training CBR Workers and Project Coordinators has been an integral part of ADD India for almost two decades. ADD’s training focuses on increasing the knowledge, building skills and developing a positive attitude to working in the field. There is also an emphasis on practical exposure with information and knowledge. The main resource persons is Mr. Ramakrishna from Anweshana in Bhubaneshwar, who has 20 years experience in training in the development sector.

The main resource persons is Mr. Ramakrishna from Anweshana in Bhubaneshwar, who has 20 years experience in training in the development sector.

Training Components will Include

  • Facilitating the Community Worker to implement the project.
  • Clarifying the role and responsibilities of the Project Coordinator.
  • Setting goal and task accomplishment
  • Understanding Group Processes
  • Sanghas and their management
  • Federation Vision, Values and leadership Development
  • Conflict Resolution
  • Resource mobilization from the community
  • Exposure visit to a Sangha and / or Federation.

It is anticipated that candidates selected for this training would have some knowledge of disability work. Therefore, this training, while examining the fundamental principles behind work of this kind, aims primarily to develop skills in the areas of programme development, monitoring and capacity building of people.

Recommended Programme participants

  • Coordinators and managers of Community Based programmes in the development sector.
  • Professionals working with vulnerable groups like People with Disabilities, Women’s Development, Community Work and Education and Disabled peoples organizations, HIV/AIDS, Children’s programmes.
  • Individuals who wish to develop the skills to become involved in community development programmes.
  • Training Methodology
    This training is residential and would be conducted with simple facilities. The method of training will include lectures, discussions, group work, practical sessions and field visit.

    Language
    The language of training will be English. Participants must understand English but could express themselves in other languages ie. Telugu, Kannada, Tamil, Malayalam, Bengali, Oriya, Hindi etc. All reading materials will be in English.

    Fee, Duration and Venue of training
    The fee is Rs.7000/- per person, which includes the training fee, meals, tea/coffee, accommodation for 6 days, training materials and exposure visit.

    Participants will have to make their own travel arrangements to reach Bangalore.

    Duration: March 3-7, 2008
    Venue: In Bangalore. Exact venue will be informed to the selected participants.

    Please send the completed application form to ADD India by 20th January 2008 either by email or by post.

    Action on Disability and Development India
    4005, 19th Cross, Banashankari 2nd Stage
    Bangalore – 560 070 India
    Phone: 080 – 2676 5881, 2676 2097
    Email: addindia@vsnl.net

    Selection will be confirmed by January 30th. The selected participants should pay the full fee by way of bank draft favouring ‘Action on Disability and Development India’, payable at Bangalore.

    For further details please contact Mrs. Nisha Printer at addindia@vsnl.net




    I learned about this opportunity via Ghulam Nabi Nazimani.




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    News at Your Fingertips

    Posted on 30 December 2007. Filed under: autism, Blind, Children, Cognitive Impairments, Commonwealth Nations, Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR), Cross-Disability, Deaf, Democratic Participation, East Asia and Central Asia, East Asia Pacific Region, Eastern Europe and Central Asia, Education, Employment, Families, Funding, Health, HIV/AIDS, Human Rights, Inclusion, Introduction to "We Can Do", Latin America & Caribbean, Middle East and North Africa, Mobility Impariments, Multiple Disabilities, News, Psychiatric Disabilities, Rehabilitation, Reports, Resources, South Asian Region, Sub-Saharan Africa Region, technology, Women |

    I have now added a page to the top navigation bar, News, that consolidates all the news and press releases posted at We Can Do since this blog began.

    I mostly cribbed this new page from the work I did recently for the We Can Do Retrospective: The First 100 Posts (and Then Some). However, if you compare the two, you will see that there are more items listed under the “News” page in the top navigation bar than there are in the Retrospective post. That’s because, when I wrote the Retrospective post, I made a rule with myself that each We Can Do post would be listed only once, even if it arguably belonged in more than one category. Some of the “news” items reported new resources that might still be helpful for readers months or years from now. So I listed those items under “Resources” in the Retrospective post instead of news. But for the “News” page in the navigation bar, I made sure to include anything that was tagged as “news” when it was first posted.

    I will try to keep the “News” page up to date. You will notice that it already includes one news item that has gone up since the Retrospective post.




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    PAPER: Independent Living Movement in Developing Countries by Shoji Nakanishi

    Posted on 30 December 2007. Filed under: Academic Papers and Research, Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR), Cross-Disability, East Asia Pacific Region, Guest Blogger, Latin America & Caribbean | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

    URL for this page: http://tinyurl.com/2eeldt

    Independent Living Movement in Developing Countries

    by Shoji Nakanishi
    Disabled People International (DPI) Japan

    It has been many years since experts of rehabilitation recommended training and educations to people with disabilities to enable them to get jobs as non disabled people do. The experts believe that independence means only economical independence. As a result, parents think it impossible for their disabled children to live independently in their communities. Parents tend to put these children into a residential institution for them to live permanently. Following these ideas, the government is promoting to build more institutions and to train more experts for people with disabilities.

    The Independent living movement by severely disabled people in America denied institutions that lead to isolation and discrimination. In 1972 The First IL center was established in Berkeley, the second one in Houston, in 1974 the third in Boston. A lot of IL centers have come into the world in a very short time. All disabled people in the whole country were united, and then won the amendment of rehabilitation law in 1978. As a result, IL centers got great opportunities to get subsidies from the federal government. “Independent Living: From Social Movement to Analytic Paradigm”, An academic paper written by Gerben DeJong, published in 1978, drastically changed the way of thinking toward disabilities, from rehabilitation to independent living. With this paper, the philosophy of independent living was accepted as a social movement on a academic basis. These two events rapidly promoted the establishment of IL centers nationwide.

    Independent Living Movement In Developed countries

    The IL movement, which gave dreams and wishes to disabled persons, has grown to service provision systems by disabled peoples themselves and advocacy activities by IL centers in these 30 years in all developed countries, except the Oceania region.

    Ed Roberts, the founder of the Center for Independent Living in Berkeley and other activists with disabilities said, “People with disabilities should live in communities.” “People with disabilities are neither patients to be cared for, children to be protected, nor Gods to be worshipped.” “People with disabilities themselves can identify their necessary assistance and manage it.” “People with disabilities are the victims of social prejudice rather than victims of disabilities.” This philosophy was soon accepted in many parts of the world. On the grounds of this philosophy, IL centers are providing these services below:

    1. Dispatch of Personal Assistants.
      • There are two ways of dispatching personal assistants; one is the way of direct dispatching like in Japan, another in the way of introducing through IL centers like in the U.S.
    2. Peer Counselling
      • Counselling, talking or sessions among peers who have the same or similar experiences of disabilities.
    3. Independent Living Skill Training
    4. Advocacy Activities
    5. Providing information
      • Housing and social welfare referral are included.

    Now the organizations of IL centers are established in each country and region, such as NCIL in America, CAILC in Canada, JIL in Japan, and ENIL in Europe. In 1999 The first summit of World independent Living was held in Washington D.C, U.S.A . Since then, three summits have taken place in different areas where a great number of disabled leaders, including leaders from developing countries became involved.

    Conditions concerning Independent Living in developing countries

    The Idea of independent living, which insists on self-decision and self-management, also fascinated people with disabilities in developing countries. But because of lack of social resources, it is thought to be difficult in developing countries to achieve environments where there are enough services and accessibilities. Moreover, quite a few people thought by mistake that independence means only economical independence, so that they believed that nobody can live an independent life except for a lightly disabled person. It is nearly impossible for people with disabilities to get jobs in Asia, where only 5 or 10 percent of disabled children can have school education.

    As a result, almost all developing countries tried to get disabled people to be independent through CBR (Community based rehabilitation) produced by experts, in the same period of the IL movement. Services based on institutions could be only beneficial for disabled people living in urban areas. The main target of CBR is for disabled people who live in rural areas, occupying 7 or8 percent of the total population. Non-disabled people in their communities were voluntaries trained as CBR workers, and then they did some simple rehabilitation work and help the daily lives for disabled people. Indeed, the quality of life for disabled persons might get improved to some extent, through basic physical training, walking training, sign language education, inclusion by CBR workers, and financial aids of private companies like Micro Credit. But CBR did not necessarily bring independent living for disabled persons though disabled persons had joined as official members since the beginning of providing services. That is because CBR was firstly positioned as extentions of institutions, so that disabled persons were kept under control or management of experts without disabilities.

    It is often the case that disabled people who have loved the idea of IL also name their activities IL in some developing countries. For example, a certain disability organization In Mexico established a new organization named “International Organization of Independent Living for People With Disabilities”, arranging the curriculum for disabled people which included lessons about fitness, physiology, swimming, manipulation of wheelchair, driving of remodeled cars, sexuality and family life, urology, training of daily living activities etc. In Thailand, one of the staff with disabilities working at Sirindorn National Medical Rehabilitation Center suggested the Independent Living Unit, providing much the same program as Mexico’s organization did. Even though these trials may not always share the same meaning of original independent living, it indicates that there are also many disabled people having a try at independent living by themselves, in developing countries.

    Scheme for spreading IL in developing countries

    In 1980, American disabled people who had got involved in the IL movement began to act in other countries to spread the philosophy abroad. Nowadays, Japan is taking charge of propagation of IL in the Asian region, while in America, IL centers or other organizations like Mobility International are inviting other countries’ disabled leaders to their training seminars.

    One of 4 activities is often adopted as a way of spreading the IL philosophy in developing countries; first is promoting theoretical framework of IL, second, advocacy, third, participation of severely disabled persons in self-help organizations, and the last, showing a role model as an example of IL.

    1. Activity to promote the theoretical framework of IL
      Firstly it is necessary to correct the mistake about IL that independence means doing everything alone without any help. In spite of someone’s help, it is regarded as IL, if only self-decision and self-management can be done. This idea welcomes people with disabilities as “very good news”. But, in most cases, this acceptance does not immediately bring grassroot activities. For instance, a lot of disabled people were excited to meet American activists who came to Japan for an IL promotion tour in 1982, but the IL movement in Japan did not start untill the first IL center was established in 1986. It is very important to follow up on their experiences.

    The first IL seminar in Asia was held in Bacolod, the Philippines in 1994, mainly promoted by STIL, Sweden and the Human Care Association, Japan. Three Asian persons with quadriplegia joined this seminar. After the seminar, Motab from Bangladesh tried to expand his job at the Center for the Rehabilitation of the Paralyzed to the activity of independent living but in vain because of his death 3 years ago. Male participants from the Philippines, all of whom had already married, got quite interested in the IL movement, but they found it difficult to make a movement in their own country, because they had to prepare for their family before they join the movement. On the other hand, Topong from Thailand, on the grounds of the ideals of the IL movement, held a demonstration for better access of Sky Train, and educated other organizations in local areas. The Human Care Association supported his activities, and then offered him to come to Japan for training

    Famous disabled activists participated in the 1999’s seminar in Malaysia held by the Asia Disability Institute. One of them was Christine Lee, who had staged a demonstration for access of the mono railway at the risk of being arrested. All participants were wildly enthusiastic on the last day of the seminar, and promised each other to promote the IL movement more actively from now on. But actually, few of them were able to increase their activities in the IL movement. There may be two reasons. One is most of the participants have their own jobs and have no time for the IL movement; the other is that severely disabled persons who really need IL have not joined the movement yet.

    Promoting activities are very essential to support and spread the IL movement

    2. Advocacy
       The IL movement in Brazil was based on advocacy. Rosangela Berman Bieler, a Brazilian woman with quadriplegic who happened to visit an IL center in America was so impressed with its philosophy that she joined the IL movement. In 1988 CVIRJ, the first IL center in Brazil, was establish by her in Rio de Janeiro. CVIRJ began to start a movement for easy access to the city, such as getting rid of steps on side walks. The problem of accessibility is very meanful not only because it is a problem that applies to all kinds of disabled people, but also because it will bring visible outcomes as advocacy. The IL center in Brazil made the movement more powerful by keeping contact with IL centers in America. Now in Brazil, there are 25 IL centers established, and the national union of IL centers has been united.

    In South Korea, the IL movement has made rapid progress in a short time, because the Korean people getting involved with the IL movement have already created activities of advocacy on a large scale. Chon Manfu, a severely disabled person who applied for the role model of IL in 2000, was empowered through the experiences of joining big demonstration in 2001 and a long-term hunger strike in May 2002, triggered by the death of a wheelchair user at a subway station. These events were arranged by Pack Gyoung Souk, the principal of a night school for the disabled people. A lot of his students, who have studied IL, are taking part in the IL movement, which is one of the reasons why the Korean IL movement has such power. Now, the main issue in Korea is to train disabled people as peer counselors. The physical and mental conditions for developing IL in Korea are being prepared; 3 IL centers in Japan, Human Care Association, CIL Tachikawa, and HANDS Setagaya, collaborated with each other to establish a new project team that dispatches peer counselors to Korea several times a year and provides long-term training in Japan for Korean disabled leaders. As a result, some of them have reached the high standard of peer counselors that JIL is setting. There are 5 IL centers in Korea.

    3. Participation of severely disabled persons in self-help groups

    In Thailand, many disabled people used to sell lottery as a job, which made enough money to prepare for their own family. But because of this job, the disability movement did not grow among people with disabilities in Thailand. Under these circumstances, Topong, as I said before, thought it was only the IL movement that would change the environment of disabled people in Thailand. He tried to promote the IL movement in collaboration with 3 organizations of disabled people, Nontabri,Chonbri,Nakonpatom, three of which were very conscious about the rights of people with disabilities. To support his activities, the Human Care Association invited him to come to Japan for an IL seminar.

    Each of these three organizations were democratic self-help groups, which provided home visiting services for disabled persons. Leaders of these organizations were willing to accept the idea of IL. The first step of a three year project is to open a seminar by Japanese disabled leaders, ten participants from three organizations were all studying hard, but none of them were severely disabled. So, the project team gave a task for them that they should find at least five severely disabled persons and take them outside their homes until the next years’ seminar was held.

    After this, three organizations began to train students to be a voluntary staff, and ask them to take severely disabled persons outside. Some of disabled persons went outside for the first time in their lives; some of them were strogly opposed by their families, so that they were forced to refuse staff visits; some of them gave up to go outside because of their bad health; some of them had lifters fixed in their bathroom by staff who saw families lift the disabled person with great difficulty. As a result, many of them attended the peer counselling workshop held in 2002 empowered physically and mentally. As they are finished learning skills of managing an IL center in 2003-2004 year, the real activities are ready to start.

    4. Showing role model of IL

    Young disabled persons who belongs to the MileStone Society in Pakistan came to Japan for the Duskin Training Program, including the 9 month IL seminar at several IL centers, such as Human Care Association and Main Stream Association. It is almost a year since they have gone back to Pakistan and begun to start the IL movement. They looked around Lahore to discover severely disabled persons confined in their homes, and persuade them to attend training workshops held at an office. They asked some promising participants to experience IL in a room in the corner of the office.

    In the end, a young girl with muscular dystrophy made a decision to live independently. She learned various IL skills such as how to take proper care from others and how to tell personal assistants what she wanted her PA to do by actually living in a special room arranged in a corner of her house. In the day time, now she works as a member of the Life IL Center the renamed office, riding in a power wheel chair taken from Japan. It is very meaningful that she began to live independently for the first time in Pakistan, moreover in such an Islamic society, where women are likely to be conservative. After her independence, two male disabled persons, who have been encouraged by her, want and even practice now to live independently.

    Spreading the correct philosophy of IL

    It is true that more and more people have heard about IL, and especially in developing countries, where their expectation toward IL is getting bigger and bigger. Nevertheless, most of them have given up their dreams, making excuses like these: “We have no resources to use in our country.” “Prejudices against disabled people are still deeply rooted.” “Government does not still prepare sufficient welfare systems.”

      One of the strategies to achieve the targets of the Biwako Millennium Framework for Action is “Strengthened community-based approaches for the prevention of causes of disability, rehabilitation and empowerment of persons with disabilities.” It says that “Many developing countries in the region are now beginning to augment and replace traditional institutional and centralized rehabilitation programmes and projects with approaches better suited to their social and economic environments of poverty, high unemployment and limited resources for social services. Community-based rehabilitation programmes form the hub of such strategies. The community-based approach is particularly appropriate for the prevention of causes of disability, early identification and intervention of children with disabilities, reaching out to persons with disabilities in rural areas, raising awareness and advocacy for the inclusion of persons with disabilities in all activities in the community, including social, cultural and religious activities. Education, training and employment needs could also be met by this approach. It is essential that persons with disabilities exercise choice and control over initiatives for community-based rehabilitation..” It even recommends in Strategy 10 that “Governments, in collaboration with organizations of persons with disabilities and civil society organizations, should immediately develop national policies, if that has not yet been done, to promote community-based approaches for the prevention of causes of disability, for rehabilitation and for the empowerment of persons with disabilities. Community based rehabilitation (CBR) perspectives should reflect a human rights approach and be modeled on the independent living concept, which includes peer counselling.”

    Many people tend to think it nearly impossible to introduce IL to their countries. Naturally the idea of IL can apply to all disabled people in all countries by all ages. The problem is whether you can have the courage of doing what you have not done yet, and whether you have many peers and friends who will support your activity. Pioneers have a lot of difficulties, but have a great impact on other people. Nowadays a variety of IL programs and seminars are prepared for such people. People in developed countries including US are ready to assist you to be a leader of IL movement. We are showing the achievements and good news of IL at all times.




    Thank you to author Shoji Nakanishi for granting permission to publish this article at We Can Do. Shoji Nakanishi is currently Chairperson of DPI Asia Pacific and Treasurer DPI World Council. He founded the Japan Council on Independent Living Centers.

    I first learned about this paper when Ghulam Nabi Nazimani passed it along.

    Have you written an article that you think would be appropriate for publication at We Can Do? Please review the We Can Do Wish List for Written Materials and Resources and contact me. You may either leave a comment somewhere at this blog or sent me an email to ashettle [at] patriot.net.

    To find more academic papers or research related to people with disabilities in developing countries, click on Academic Papers and Research under “Categories” in the right-hand navigation bar.




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    We Can Do Retrospective: The First 100 Posts (and Then Some)

    Posted on 22 December 2007. Filed under: Academic Papers and Research, Announcements, Arts, autism, Blind, Call for Papers, Case Studies, Children, Cognitive Impairments, Commonwealth Nations, Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR), Cross-Disability, Deaf, Democratic Participation, Disability Studies, Disaster Planning & Mitigation, East Asia and Central Asia, East Asia Pacific Region, Eastern Europe and Central Asia, Education, Education and Training Opportunities, Employment, Events and Conferences, Families, Fellowships & Scholarships, Funding, Guest Blogger, Health, HIV/AIDS, Housing, Human Rights, Immigration, Inclusion, Interpreting, Introduction to "We Can Do", Jobs & Internships, Latin America & Caribbean, Middle East and North Africa, Mobility Impariments, Multiple Disabilities, News, Opinion, Opportunities, Policy & Legislation, Poverty, Psychiatric Disabilities, Rehabilitation, Remittances, Reports, Resources, South Asian Region, Sub-Saharan Africa Region, technology, Violence, Volunteer Opportunities, Women | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

    Skip introduction, go straight to the Table of Contents

    If you’re new to We Can Do, what interesting information, news, or resources might you have overlooked from the past few months? Although some older items may no longer be interesting, others may still be relevant and helpful a year or three from now. This post can help guide you through the first 100-plus posts at this blog. You can click from the table of contents below to any section of this page that interests you–and then another click on “table of contents” can take you back to the contents, or “top of this page” takes you back to this introduction.

    Top of this page


    Table of Contents

    Table of Contents; Top of this page

    About We Can Do

    To learn more about the purpose of We Can Do, see About We Can Do. For more on its guiding philosophy, go to Why We Can Do.

    Thinking about submitting your own written materials, job posts, conference announcements, or resources to We Can Do? Check the Wish list for written materials and resources.

    Want to receive an alert in email when a new post goes up at We Can Do? You can Subscribe to We Can Do for free.

    I changed the organization and appearance of We Can Do in early October to its present format.

    Table of Contents; Top of this page


    The Five Most Popular We Can Do posts

    The five listed here are the ones that have attracted the most “page views” since We Can Do began in late July. You may notice that not all of these are featured in the 10 “most popular posts” listed in the right-hand navigation bar. That’s because the navigation bar only lists posts that have received a lot of traffic very recently (I think within the past few days; its done automatically by wordpress so I’m not sure how it works). But here I’m listing the five that have the highest TOTAL page views.

    Table of Contents; Top of this page


    The Five Most Under-Rated We Can Do posts

    Are these posts really under-rated? You’ll have to read them and decide for yourself. But in choosing these five, I used two criteria: 1. These are posts that have received fewer than 100 visitors–sometimes far fewer. 2. These are posts that I think could be helpful or interesting to readers and maybe deserve more attention than they have gotten. These are in no particular order:

    Table of Contents; Top of this page


    Finding Practical Resources and Case Studies or Helpful Organizations

    Finding organizations; Resources for inclusive development; Human rights resources; Case studies; Other helpful resources

    Finding organizations
    Mainstream international development agencies sometimes say that they don’t know how to find people with disabilities, or their representative organizations, in the developing countries where they work. Reviewing the July post entitled Finding Local Disability Organizations may help point you in the right direction. Also see Disability Organizations in Afghanistan, Asia, Kenya, Uganda.

    Disabled People’s Organizations (DPOs) sometimes aren’t sure where to find mainstream development organizations and resources that might be willing to collaborate with them.

    There is an international network of organizations for families of people with Rubinstein Taybi Syndrome.

    Top of Finding practical resources; Table of Contents; Top of this page

    Resources for Inclusive Development
    Both disability advocates and mainstream development organizations want to ensure that people with disabilities are not left behind when countries and organizations fight poverty or improve public health, education, water, and other services. But it can be a challenge to figure out how to make projects and government policies more inclusive. The following resources can help:

    Top of Finding practical resources; Table of Contents; Top of this page

    Resources on the International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
    By now, you may be aware that a global movement is taking place to ratify the international disability rights treaty, the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD). Many relevant resources are now being produced in relation to the CRPD, some of which have been posted or featured here at We Can Do:

  • Read the CRPD “translated” into plain English.
  • UNICEF has developed a child-friendly version of the CRPD to help children understand disability rights
  • Disabled People International offers two toolkits on ratifying and implementing the CRPD for disability advocates who want to help ensure that all disabled people have their human rights recognized.
  • A handbook on disability rights targeted at parliamentarians can help parliamentarians, people who work in close contact with government agencies, and disability advocates in general, better understand the CRPD.
  • The United Nations’ new web site, UN Enable, is one of the best, and most official, places to find information on the CRPD.
  • Handicap International has produced its own Teaching Kit on the CRPD.
  • The International Disability Equality Agency (IDEA) has issued Equalize It! A Manifesto for Disability Equality in Development Cooperation that expresses their position on how to ensure disability equality in the international development field.
  • Top of Finding practical resources; Table of Contents; Top of this page

    Case Studies
    Reviewing case studies of projects implemented elsewhere can be a valuable source of ideas that could help you figure out how to run or implement your own projects. I would love to post many more best-practice and failed-practice case studies than I have available right now. If you think you have something worth sharing, please check my Wish List of Written Materials and Resource and contact me at ashettle [at] patriot.net.

    But for now, here are two case studies:

    Top of Finding practical resources; Table of Contents; Top of this page

    Other Helpful Resources

    Top of Finding practical resources; Table of Contents; Top of this page


    Finding Useful Sources of Information and Research

    Finding academic research, papers, resources, or statistics
    Looking for academic research and academic papers; resources that can be used by people working in the field; or sources of statistics? Some of the following posts may be helpful:

    Information on people with disabilities
    Interested in learning about the living conditions of people with disabilities in specific nations, or in specific thematic areas? Some of the following may be of interest:

    Table of Contents; Top of this page


    Funding Sources

    Table of Contents; Top of this page


    Academic Papers

    We Can Do has published, or re-published, academic papers, or linked to same, on a range of subjects, including:

    Table of Contents; Top of this page


    News

    September 2007; October 2007; November 2007; Early December 2007

    September 2007
    At one point in September, the international disability community prematurely thought we might be On the Verge of Making History by ratifying the disability rights community.

    Top of News; Table of Contents; Top of this page

    October 2007

    Top of News; Table of Contents; Top of this page

    November 2007

    Top of News; Table of Contents; Top of this page

    Early December 2007

    Top of News; Table of Contents; Top of this page


    Opinion Pieces

    So far, the opinion pieces here are all by me. But I would like for We Can Do to be host to an active exchange of ideas and differing perspectives. If you have a strong opinion about something, please consider submitting it. Yes, that includes opinions that disagree with mine! Consult the Wish list for written materials and resources for ideas of the kinds of topics I’m trying to cover at We Can Do.

    Meanwhile, here are a few of my own opinion pieces:

    Table of Contents; Top of this page


    Call for Papers (for Conferences, Journals, Other)

    You might be just now starting your academic career as an undergraduate or graduate student. Or perhaps you have been doing quantitative or qualitative research, or writing policy analysis, or case studies, or social analysis, for years. Either way, if you’re looking for opportunities to present, publish, or otherwise disseminate your papers or run a workshop, then check out these upcoming or ongoing opportunities:

    Table of Contents; Top of this page


    International Conferences and Events

    Looking for a conference to attend? Here are a few upcoming events:
    January 2008; February 2008; March 2008; April 2008; May 2008; August 2008; September 2008; November 2008

    January 2008
    The South Asian Conference on Autism is being held in New Delhi, India in January 2008.

    Top of International Conferences and Events; Table of Contents; Top of this page

    February 2008

  • The Disabilities Initiatives in Development Seminar, also in Bangladesh also in February 2008.
  • One for all: Persons with Disabilities Initiative in Development, again in Bangladesh in February 2008.
  • The International Centre for Sign Languages and Deaf Studies at the University of Central Lancashire in Preston, UK is holding a conference on sign language research in the UK in February 2008.
  • A conference on the deaf community, sign languages, social issues, civil rights, and creativity will be held on the campus of Swarthmore College in Swarthmore, Pennsylvania, USA.
  • The Techshare India 2008 Conference on accessibility will be held in New Delhi, India, in February 2008.
  • Top of International Conferences and Events; Table of Contents; Top of this page

    March 2008
    The 8th annual meeting of the Gulf Disability Society will meet in United Arab Emirates in March 2008.

    Top of International Conferences and Events; Table of Contents; Top of this page

    April 2008

    Top of International Conferences and Events; Table of Contents; Top of this page

    May 2008

    Top of International Conferences and Events; Table of Contents; Top of this page

    August 2008

    Top of International Conferences and Events; Table of Contents; Top of this page

    September 2008

    Top of International Conferences and Events; Table of Contents; Top of this page

    November 2008
    The Association on Women’s Rights in Development (AWID)’s International Forum on Women’s Rights and Development will be held in Cape Town, South Africa in November 2008. A call for proposals is open until January 28, 2008.

    Top of International Conferences and Events; Table of Contents; Top of this page


    Jobs, Internships, Volunteer Opportunities

    We Can Do will probably never be a comprehensive job-board. Serious job, internship, or volunteer placement hunters will want to explore other means of finding opportunities. For example, jobs, internships, and volunteer opportunities in the international field generally, or in the disability field generally, can sometimes be found at www.idealist.org. But I do occasionally happen to come across a job announcement. Here are a few that may still be open to applications:

    Table of Contents; Top of this page


    Education and Training Opportunities

    Table of Contents; Top of this page


    Missed Opportunities

    Missed call for papers; Missed training opportunities; Missed job, internship, and volunteer opportunities; Missed events and conferences

    Some of the material I post at We Can Do is time-sensitive material. That means the conferences announced here have come and gone; job posts have been filled; and deadlines are over. So, if it’s too late for you to do anything about any of the following announcements, then why bother listing them? First, some conference organizers issue compilations of papers and presentations or other interesting materials after their event is over. If a topic interests you, it may be worth communicating with event organizers to see if any follow-up publications are available. Second, organizations that offer one conference, job opportunity, call for papers, etc., may offer something similar in the future. Many conferences, for example, meet every one, two, three, or four years. Monitoring, joining, or communicating with organizations of interest to you could help ensure that you learn about the next opportunity in time to plan for it.

    Top of Missed Opportunities; Table of Contents; Top of this page

    Missed Call for Papers
    The German Journal for Disability and Development called for papers on art and disabilities to be submitted by the end of November 2007.

    Also browse through the listing of upcoming conferences and missed conferences.

    Top of Missed Opportunities; Table of Contents; Top of this page

    Missed Training Opportunities

    In October 2007, the International Labour Organisation had a training course for professionals from developing countries.

    Top of Missed Opportunities; Table of Contents; Top of this page

    Missed Jobs, Internships, and Volunteer Opportunities
    Remember that it is too late to apply for these specific opportunities. These are listed here in case you want to check out the sponsoring organizations for future opportunities like these:

    Top of Missed Opportunities; Table of Contents; Top of this page

    Missed Event and Conference Opportunities

    Top of Missed Opportunities; Table of Contents; Top of this page


    What’s Next for We Can Do?

    I am not yet satisfied with We Can Do. I still see many gaps that I want to repair. I want to find, and post, more materials of a pragmatic nature. By which I mean, material that people in the field can put to immediate use in improving the lives of disabled people in developing countries. If you think you can help me locate helpful materials, please review my Wish list for written materials and resources and contact me.

    I also want to reach more development professionals at mainstream development organizations and more employees and volunteers at international disability organizations. And I want to reach more small DPOs and individual advocates in more developing countries. The knowledge shared at We Can Do cannot help until it is brought to people with disabilities living in poverty in developing countries. That “final mile” can only be bridged by readers like YOU.

    If you want to help, I hope you will consider telling your colleagues and contacts about We Can Do. If you run a web site or a blog, please consider linking to We Can Do at https://wecando.wordpress.com. If you have the skills, the time, and the commitment to launch a We Can Do mirror site translation into some other language, please talk to me (leave a comment or email me at ashettle [at] patriot.net). And please do feel free to print out the more helpful We Can Do posts to share with people you know in developing countries who do not have easy access to the Internet.

    For those of you who like numbers: We Can Do had 285 page views in July; 851 in August; 1305 in September; 2936 in October; 4862 in November; and more than 5100 in the first three weeks of December. And who is responsible for making these numbers happen? Why—you, of course! So, thank you for visiting We Can Do.

    Table of Contents; Top of this page

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    Please Submit YOUR Materials to We Can Do

    Posted on 7 November 2007. Filed under: Academic Papers and Research, Announcements, Arts, Blind, Call for Papers, Case Studies, Children, Cognitive Impairments, Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR), Cross-Disability, Deaf, Disability Studies, Disaster Planning & Mitigation, East Asia Pacific Region, Eastern Europe and Central Asia, Education, Employment, Events and Conferences, Families, Funding, Guest Blogger, HIV/AIDS, Housing, Human Rights, Immigration, Interpreting, Introduction to "We Can Do", Jobs & Internships, Latin America & Caribbean, Middle East and North Africa, Mobility Impariments, Multiple Disabilities, News, Opinion, Opportunities, Policy & Legislation, Poverty, Psychiatric Disabilities, Rehabilitation, Remittances, Resources, South Asian Region, Sub-Saharan Africa Region, Uncategorized, Violence, Volunteer Opportunities, Women | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

    Currently, We Can Do gathers news; announcements; academic papers; case studies; opinion pieces; information about resources; and other materials of interest to disabled advocates and international development professionals from a wide range of sources. In addition to these, from time to time, I write fresh content of my own.

    I also hope to be able to depend heavily on YOU–We Can Do readers–for some of the best, most interesting, and helpful materials. Examples of materials that would interest me include, but are not limited to: “best practice” case studies; “failed practice” case studies; checklists; fundraising advice or resources; other pragmatic resources; academic papers or reports; student projects; press releases; opinion pieces; announcements; and more. For more detail, please click on “Wish List for Written Materials and Resources” at the top navigation bar.

    If you can assist with my current top priority, or with any of the other items in my “wish list”, then PLEASE GET IN TOUCH. Email me at ashettle at patriot dot net or leave a short note in the comment area below and I’ll contact you.

    Current Top Priority for We Can Do

    Are you from Croatia, Cuba, Gabon, Hungary, India, Jamaica, or Panama? If so, were you involved with the movement to persuade your government to sign and ratify the international Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)? If so PLEASE CONTACT ME (ashettle at patriot dot net, or leave a comment below with your email address).

    I want to interview people involved with these movements (via email) so I can write a story describing what strategies you used; any barriers you faced along the way; how you overcame these barriers; any mistakes you made, how you corrected them, and how other countries can avoid them; what activities or techniques you think were the most critical to your success; and so forth. Sharing this type of information at We Can Do–and elsewhere–could be immensely helpful to disability movements in other countries that are working toward the same goals.

    My primary written language is English, pero puedo escribir y leer, mas o menos, en espanol tambien. (Lo siento para la mala ortografia–no se como crear acentos en WordPress.) Once we are in contact, I will probably have many questions for you–and follow up questions after that!

    Thank you for helping make We Can Do become a strong, good-quality resource for people with disabilities in developing countries and the people who are working hard to meet their needs.

    Edited to Add: I do not post my full email address because any recognizable email address posted on the web then immediately becomes the target of “spam harvesters” and starts receiving tons of unwanted, unsolicited commercial emails. But I spelled it out above and spell it out again here. But this time I’m amplifying it because I realize that not all people have learned how to parse spelled out email addresses:

    My username is: ashettle

    Every email address has an @ at sign @ between the user name and the domain name, thus ashettle@

    My email domain is patriot.net

    Put it all together and you have my email address.

    Or if that is still too confusing–or if it’s just easier for you–then feel free to leave a note below (with your email address in the area provided for it) and I’ll get in touch.



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    CONFERENCE: CBR & Inclusive Policy

    Posted on 12 October 2007. Filed under: Announcements, Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR), Events and Conferences, Sub-Saharan Africa Region |

    The text for this announcement is taken from the Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR) Africa Network (CAN) conference web site. People seeking further detail about the conference should consult the CAN conference web site directly at http://www.afri-can.org/saconference.html

    “CBR: Inclusive Policy Development and Implementation”

    29th October –1st November 2007,
    Birchwood Centre, Johannesburg, South Africa.

    CBR Africa Network and the World Health Organisation (WHO) announce with great pleasure the upcoming CBR Africa Conference.

    The aim of the conference is:
    To give opportunity for people to share information, knowledge and experience about inclusive policy development and its implementation in CBR programmes in Africa

    Objectives of the conference are:
    To facilitate the participation of people from all levels and dimensions of CBR programmes in Africa
    To promote sharing of experiences on policy development relating to CBR in Africa
    To facilitate communication and understanding between key groups in order to enhance multi sectoral partnerships
    To target maximum participation from different African nations
    To generate a knowledge base on CBR, Inclusive policy and its implementation in different African countries

    Sub-themes:

    CBR and Inclusive Health
    CBR and Inclusive Education
    CBR and meaningful partnership
    CBR and Empowerment
    CBR and African Decade
    CBR and the Millennium Goals
    CBR and children’s Rights
    CBR and Convention on people with disabilities and UN standard Rules.

    Conference Format:
    The conference will take place over 4 days. The sub themes will be presented by key speakers and some time will be given for participants’ discussion and parallel sessions. There will also be a poster presentation session and display tables for participants to display examples of any products or materials they have developed.

    Accommodation:
    Hotel Accommodation
    A block booking for accommodation has been made at the Birchwood Executive Hotel and Conference centre.

    Single Accommodation all inclusive package $421

    Shared Accommodation all inclusive package $338

    To make your own bookings and arrangements please contact Mandy Waugh, Conference Coordinator Birchwood Centre mandyw@birchwoodhotel.co.za

    Registration:
    Participants will be expected to pay a registration fee:
    Day Conference 30th October 2007 $57
    Day Conference 31st October 2007 $57
    Day Conference 1st November 2007 $57
    Full Conference without accommodation/3days $177
    All inclusive package with 3 nights accommodation sharing $338
    All inclusive package with 3 nigths accommodation single $421
    Registration for the conference will open in April 2007. Register online at
    http://www.afri-can.org/saconference.html or download a registration form, complete and fax to +27 (013) 794 1711

    All registration must be paid by 30th July 2007 to secure a place at the conference.

    How to pay:
    An itemised pro forma invoice will be forwarded to your email address or fax number provided above within two weeks after receipt of your registration form. The pro forma will include our bank account details for payment.

    Travel:
    Participants will be expected to meet their travel expenses to and from Johannesburg International airport in South Africa including the airport tax. Internal travel arrangements to and from Johannesburg International airport will be organised by the conference as well as any field or social trips that are included in the conference programme.

    Visas:
    These are obtained from the nearest South African High Commission.

    Insurance:
    Participants shall make their own arrangements.

    Currency:
    The currency is South African Rand (ZAR) Foreign exchange at the time of writing is about 7.08 to the U.S $ or 13.726 to the Pound sterling.

    Participation:
    Key speakers and respondents will be by invitation only but if anyone is very keen to be a keynote speaker on a particular sub-theme, please indicate on the registration form with a 1 page abstract of your presentation and an explanation of why you should be selected.

    All persons interested in presenting a poster on a sub-theme should indicate their interest on the registration form and submit no more than a 1 page, A4 size abstract explaining the poster presentation.

    Please also indicate if you would like to have a display table and explain what you will be displaying.

    For more information please contact joan@afri-can.org

    Please note that We Can Do is NOT involved with this conference and cannot assist you in attending.

    Please keep checking the CAN conference web site directly for further conference updates.

    Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR) African Network (CAN) facilitates the sharing of information about community-based services for persons with disabilities and their families in African countries. Their main web site is at http://www.afri-can.org/



    If you have been to We Can Do before then you may have noticed that this blog has a new appearance and structure. How do you like it? Do you find it easier to navigate and find the information you’re looking for? Or is it harder? Any suggestions for how this blog can be improved in general? Please share your feedback in the comments area at the post where I describe We Can Do’s new presentation. You do not need to register in order to leave comments at this blog.



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