BOOK: Rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities
Editor Bhanushali Kishorkumar has released a book for sale, entitled Rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities.
[Note to We Can Do reader: I normally try to link only to resources that are free because I know many people in my target audience may have difficulty purchasing publications. But I’m making an exception here in part because I had previously publicized the editor’s call for papers for this book. More information about the book, including an abstract for each article, is provided below. For inquiries, please <a href=”go to the main web page for this book.
Rehabilitation Of Persons With Disabilities
by Bhanushali Kishorkumar D
Pages: 272 Price:US$ 17
INR 425(Special Indian price)
Contents of the Book
1. Disability and Development: A Contribution to Promoting the Interests of Persons with Disabilities in German Development Cooperation
2. Rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities : Concepts and Challenges
3. Role of Family in Rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities
4. A Review of Community Based Rehabilitation Evaluations Quality of Life as an Outcome Measure for Future Evaluations
5. Summary on National Policy for Persons with Disabilities
7. The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities The Road Ahead
8. Empowering the Disabled through Inclusive Education
9. Consumer Rights with Special Reference to the Disabled
10. The Changing Educational Scenario for Children with Deafblindness and Multiple Disabilities in India
11. Issues and Challenges for Rehabilitation of Mentally Ill Persons in India
12. The Protection of Rights of People with Disabilities in China
13. Vocational Reintegration of People with Spinal Cord Lesion in Bangladesh An Observational Study Based on a Vocational Training Project at CRP
14. Social and Structural Dimensions of Dependency, Participation and Social Exclusion among People with Mobility Impairments, Peninsular Malaysia
15. Survivor in Ukraine: Living Disability in a Post Soviet State
With total world population of 650 million, persons with disabilities constitute the largest majority. As per United Nations report, 10 percent of population in underdeveloped countries is facing disabilities of one or the other type. If we include family members, advocates and all those affected by the problem of disabilities this is as high as 25 percent of population. Moreover, this number is constantly increasing through population, growth, medical advances and aging process, says World Health Organisation (WHO).
When a large section of population is facing the problem of disability of one or the other type, social and economic costs of sidetracking them will be very high. The concept of rehabilitation embodied the democratic and humanitarian ideal that each individual is important and each member of the community should contribute to society to the fullest extent. A persons handicap may be due to any type of disablement, i.e., either birth defects, sickness, diseases, industrial and road accidents or the stresses of war, work and daily life. Likewise, people are also handicapped by social and cultural disadvantage i.e., social, financial or educational. Whenever any of these conditions cause difficulties in life adjustment, the person is handicapped. The process of rehabilitation enables the person with handicap to attain usefulness and satisfaction in life. Rehabilitation programmes are concerned with helping the disabled person as a human being who requires specialized help to enable him to realize his physical, social, emotional and vocational potential. The objective of long-range planning for rehabilitation is to achieve maximum adjustments of the maximum number of disabled persons in maximum walks of life when the formal rehabilitation process is completed through good teamwork among medical, surgical, physiological, social, educational and vocational personnel. International Labour Organisation convention defines Rehabilitation of disabled is essential in order that they be restored to the possible physical, mental, social, vocational and economic usefulness of which they are capable (ILO 1955 recommendation).
Considering the size of population of persons with disabilities, it is necessary to have proper rehabilitation strategies. In designing country specific rehabilitation strategy, knowledge of rehabilitation practices followed in different countries and best practices world over is of significant importance.
In this context this book intends to focus on different approaches to rehabilitation of persons with disabilities, including medical, social and vocational. Rehabilitation strategies for different categories of persons with disabilities in different countries will be covered. Experiences of different counties towards rehabilitation of persons with disabilities will be included in the book. The book will also focus on the role played by international agencies like the International Labour Organisation (ILO), the United Nations (UN) and the World Health Organisation (WHO).
The main objective of this book is to highlight rehabilitation strategies for persons with disabilities along with best practices followed in various countries of the world. Different approaches for better integration of persons with disabilities in mainstream society are captured through various articles. At the same time the book also covers the legal framework for the rehabilitation of persons with disabilities.
The book is divided into three sections. The first section tries to give an overview of disability and rehabilitation process along with the role that the family has to play in the process of rehabilitation of persons with disabilities. The second section deals with strategies that are followed in the process of rehabilitation of persons with disabilities like education, human rights, training, awareness about consumer rights, societal awareness. The final section talks about experiences of different countries, including India, China, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Ukraine and Germany. Attempt has also been made to give the highlight of the national policy for persons with disabilities, designed by the Government of India in the form of an annexure.
Section I: Overview
The first article “Rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities: Concepts and Challenges” by Kishor Bhanushali defines different types of disability as given by various organisations and used in legislative provisions. Various types of disability such as visual, movement, hearing, speech, mental illness and mental retardation are covered. Causes and consequences of disability are discussed. The article also talks about various disability models such as moral, social, economic and human rights. Magnitude of disability in various countries estimated by various organisations like the World Health Organisation and the United Nations is covered. The latter part of this article deals with the need for rehabilitation of persons with disability and concepts of various types of rehabilitation like physical, psychological, social and vocational.
The second article “Role of Family in Rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities” is an invited article written by Neeti Sharma. It discusses the importance and role of family in the rehabilitation process. Disability affects family in all areas, including financial, social and educational. The success of the rehabilitation process depends on the role of family. Every family needs counselling and it should be given from time to time. It not only clears the myths and misconceptions about disability but also helps in understanding the disability, rehabilitation process and expectations.
The third article is “A Review of Community-Based Rehabilitation Evaluations: Quality of Life as an Outcome Measure for Future Evaluations” by Hasheem Mannan and Ann P Turnbull. This article highlights Community-Based Rehabilitation (CBR) as a means to enhance the opportunities for people with disabilities and their families in reference to social rehabilitation. The five basic principles of CBR are covered here. They are (1) utilization of community resources (2) knowledge transfer (3) community involvement (4) referral services and (5) coordinated approach toward education, health and social system as an outcome measure for rehabilitation evaluations. The article reviews the concept and evaluation of CBR and how it proposes to make quality of life an outcome measure. It presents a practical approach to future evaluations of CBR programmes through some of its features like service delivery system, technology transfer, community involvement, organisation and management, methodology and findings.
Section II: Approaches
The first article in this section “The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities The Road Ahead” is an invited article written by Akhil S Paul. This article briefs about the convention adopted by UN General Assembly on 30th March 2007. The convention marks a paradigm shift in the way disabilities are looked at and in the manner in which persons with disabilities are perceived. It is pertinent to clarify that the convention is NOT asking for anything NEW but asking persons with disabilities to enjoy the same opportunities in society that everybody already enjoys. This convention discusses about legislation, which is not the only means of social progress; it represents one of the most powerful vehicles of change, progress and development in society. Measures to address the existing discrimination and to ensure the rights of people with disability in all aspects are discussed in this article.
The second article “Empowering the Disabled through Inclusive Education” by Moiz Tundawala considers as to how empowerment of disabled is being carried through rehabilitation process of inclusive education, where disability is not viewed as something invoking pity or in need of a cure. Social model presents disability as a consequence of oppression, prejudice and discrimination by society against disabled people. The disabled can be transformed from passive community gears to productive human resources, capable of making a useful contribution in social development, with the help of education. The author concludes with some remarks, which hint at urgent necessity for integration of persons with disabilities, realization of inclusive education, coordination between governmental agencies and private sector, reservations for the disabled in Government and private educational institutions as per the law and effective implementation mechanisms for the welfare of the disabled.
The last article of this section “Consumer Rights with Special Reference to the Disabled” by Ami Divatia looks at diversity of the issue relating to disabled as consumer by rehabilitation process through consumer rights. Since the Indian consumers are naive and disorganized, business enterprises exploit them for their personal benefits, where the Indian consumer suffers due to traditional attitude of silence. Study revealed that persons with disabilities had good knowledge about the consumer rights and they had utilized the consumers rights to a large extent. Variable barriers which affected the extent of utilization of the benefits were age, marital status, education, occupation, family income and type of school.
Section III: Experiences
The first article of this section “The Changing Educational Scenario for Children with Deafblindness and Multiple Disabilities in India” is by Akhil S Paul. This article briefs about the changing educational scenario for children with deafblindness and multiple disabilities in India. Deafblind children are educationally isolated, as impairments of sight and hearing stop them from reaching their full potential for unique educational approaches. The initiative for Multi- Sensory Impaired (MSI) in the country is need-based and as a result, the services got much localised and led to the development of many forms of interventions and models such as the persons with disabilities and its equal opportunities, protection of rights and full participation Act and the National Trust For Welfare of People with autism, cerebral palsy, mental retardation and multiple disabilities.
The second article “Issues and Challenges for Rehabilitation of Mentally Ill Persons in India” is an invited article written by Harshit Sinha. This article talks about rehabilitation services in the mental health sector in India, having a broad spectrum of services but are being labour-intensive and costly affairs. Due to this both institutional and community-based rehabilitation programme practices have made the process loosely bounded. The issue of lack of clarity for the clear definition of Rehabilitation in mental health gave birth to misconception and false practice in the name of rehabilitation of mental health. As there is no uniform framework that can be adopted in imparting rehabilitation services there are great possibilities of missing links of ethical and legal issues; quality standards and quality of care without proper service deliver system. An attempt has been made in this article to discuss the current challenge status of the existing rehabilitation services, addressing the issues concerned, that can be strengthened by developing rehabilitation framework by creating better coordination and understanding between implementing agencies and the ministries concerned.
The third article “The Protection of Rights of People with Disabilities in China” by Eric Guozhong Zhang. This article discusses Chinas current status, which is the largest developing country in the world, where people with disabilities still remain a vulnerable group and many encounter specific difficulties in society. In spite of the countrys rapid economic growth and social development such as series of positive legislative, administrative actions and work of disability organisations and the general living conditions, the overall social status of people with disabilities in the country still remains vulnerable and many encounter specific difficulties in a society where economy is experiencing a tremendous market-oriented transition. How the Government is reportedly taking action to review its disability legislation and policies, including the Law on the Protection of Disabled Persons, and continuing its efforts to formulate more specific regulations on the promotion of rights in the Constitution through specific areas such as education, employment, communication, health services, housing, accessibility, culture, sports and recreation and civic participation for persons with disability is explained.
The fourth article “Vocational Reintegration of People with Spinal Cord Lesion in Bangladesh An Observational Study Based on a Vocational Training Project at CRP” is written by Christian Holm Hansen, Ilias Mahmud and Afsana Jahan Bhuiyan. This article outlines the components of the employment situation for disabled people in the Dhaka district of Bangladesh, which was found to be extremely poor. The study was engaged in a new rehabilitation initiative, aiming at bringing people with spinal cord injury back to their previous occupations. This article discusses its initiative, and assesses its success on the basis of an Observational Study on Vocational Training Project by the Centre for Rehabilitation of Paralyzed (CRP) from 2002 to 2005. Economic constraints imposed by the changed circumstances became a hurdle for people with disabilities from regaining employment whether it is a question of building an access ramp, buying mobility aids, or raising initial capital for setting up a small business. The issues considered were particularly emphasizing on the implications for policymakers and organisations working with disabled people, which were most important in influencing their ability to re-enter the workforce with factors such as family cooperation and financial struggles.
The fifth article is “Social and Structural Dimensions of Dependency, Participation and Social Exclusion among People with Mobility Impairments, Peninsular Malaysia” by Zaliha Omar and Lenore Manderson is a resilience study on social aspects of impairments and disability conducted in urban and rural Selangor, Peninsular Malaysia, in 2003-04. People were living with impairments and their families living with this chronic health conditions and their impacts on self-esteem, social relationships and societal participation were measured using both quantitative and qualitative methods, including standardized and purpose-specific instruments. In-depth interviews were conducted with Malay, Chinese and Indian Malaysians. The urgent need for its review is necessary and reform of medical and health services has arisen concurrently with increased commitment to ensuring equity and maximizing the social participation and capabilities of all citizens.
The sixth article is “Survivor in Ukraine: Living Disability in a Post-Soviet State” by Sarah D Phillips. With the experiences of spinal cord injuries, the writer talks about how in Ukraine an individual with disabilities is reduced to bare life left to fend for himself and his social status is officially defined by his lack of health as a person with disabilities seeks physical, social, and political empowerment through social ties and advocacy network. The author discusses the concept of disability and bare life where living life as wheelchair users in Ukraine would not be very much different from living on an island. The article concludes that efforts to modernize and reform Ukrainian heath care services for mobility of the disabled are just getting underway and the reforms are very sluggish. Without adequate resources for health care and rehabilitation, disabled are obligated to cultivate their own deeply personal body culture which prevent fulfillment of social obligations.
The seventh article “Disability and Development: A Contribution to Promoting the Interests of Persons with Disabilities in German Development Cooperation” is sourced from www.disabilityworld.org. This paper intends to show the importance of taking into consideration the interests of persons with disabilities in connection with poverty reduction and achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). It presents the orientation of German Development Cooperation (GDC), and offers a brief outline of activities and provides impulses for further cooperation efforts in this sensitive area. International development community is increasingly guided by rights-based approach, which calls for participation of all groups of the population particularly disadvantaged persons in development process. Various activities of German Development Cooperation (GDC) within bilateral co-operation with various agencies are presented.
This annexure titled “Summary on National Policy for Persons with Disabilities” is compiled by Meghna Sanghvi. It is a summary of the article National Policy for Persons with Disabilities, written by Meira Kumar and published by Government of India; Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment in 2006.
To buy the book Follow the link http://www.books.iupindia.org/newarticle.asp?isbn=978-81-314-1479-8&bookid=IB1101859
Thank you to Dr. Kishor Bhanushali for submitting this announcement. Any inquires should please go to the book publisher or author, NOT We Can Do.
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