NEWS: Peru Ratifies Disability Rights Treaty, Optional Protocol
The CRPD is an international human rights treaty focused on protecting the rights of people with disabilities. Some of the rights it is meant to protect include: equality before the law without discrimination; freedom from torture; right to live in the community; respect for home and the family; right to education; right to health; right to work; right to an adequate standard of living; right to participate in political and public life. The CRPD needs to be ratified by 20 countries before it can take full legal force.
For citizens who feel their rights have been violated under the CRPD, the Optional Protocol will give them one more way to obtain redress. If national-level channels of justice (e.g., court systems) fail to protect the rights of disabled people, then disabled people in countries that have ratified the Optional Protocol would be able to bring petitions to an international Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The Committee is a body of independent experts that will review how different countries implement the CRPD.
There are several other international instruments that are used to help protect the rights of people with disabilities. These include the Declaration on the Rights of Disabled Persons; the World Programme of Action concerning Disabled Persons; the Principles for the Protection of Persons with Mental Illness and the Improvement of Mental Health Care (1991); and the Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities (1993). However, the CRPD and the Optional Protocol are the first instruments for disability rights that would be legally binding.
More information on the CRPD and the Optional Protocol is available at United Nation’s Enable website. Another web site, www.RatifyNow.org has information, toolkits, and resources that advocates and organizations can use to encourage their country governments to ratify and implement the CRPD and Optional Protocol.
We Can Do first learned about Peru’s ratification of the CRPD through the RatifyNow mailing list. People may join the mailing list, or become a member of RatifyNow, for free.
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